Vertebral artery dissection as an extremely rare cause of spinal epidural hematoma: Case report and review of the literature

Zsolt Kulcsar, Zsolt Berentei, Miklos Marosfoi, Istvan Nyary, Istvan Szikora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To present a patient with a cervico-thoracic ventrally located epidural hematoma caused by dissection and subsequent bleeding of the cervical portion of the vertebral artery. Summary and background data: Non traumatic epidural hematoma is a rare entity. The etiology usually is not clarified: a venous origin is usually suspected although an arterial source is also possible. Clinical report: A 32-year-old woman presented with a ventrally located cervico-thoracic epidural hematoma caused by non traumatic dissection and dissecting aneurysm rupture of the cervical portion of the vertebral artery. The dissection was demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography. The patient had no neurological symptoms and was treated by conservative methods. Follow up imaging showed healing of the vertebral artery and resorption of the epidural hematoma. Conclusion: Dissection of the cervical portion of the vertebral artery with subsequent perivascular bleeding is not well recognized as a possible cause of a spinal epidural hematoma. Even though this entity and the underlying cause may be rare, we suggest a vigilant search for vertebral artery injury in cases of ventrally located cervical and upper thoracic epidural hematoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1319-1323
Number of pages5
JournalActa neurochirurgica
Volume151
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2009

Keywords

  • Conservative therapy
  • Dissecting aneurysm
  • Dissection
  • Spinal epidural hematoma
  • Vertebral artery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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