Dopamine released from the lateral olivocochlear efferent system is thought to inhibit the toxic effect of the extreme glutamate outflow from the inner hair cells during ischemia or acoustic trauma. Using in vitro microvolume superfusion, we have studied the release of [3H]dopamine from the lateral olivocochlear efferent bundle of guinea pig in response to accumulation of [Na+](i), under condition characteristics of ischemia. Veratridine, that acts only on excitable membranes as a specific activator of voltage-sensitive sodium channels, significantly increased the electrically evoked release of [3H]dopamine, which was completely inhibited by tetrodotoxin. Dizocilpine (MK-801), a non-competitive NMDA-receptor antagonist, and GYKI-52466, a selective non-NMDA-receptor antagonist, had no effect on veratridine-induced [3H]dopamine release. Our data provide further evidence that the cochlear release of dopamine is of neural origin and possibly independent on a local effect of glutamate. The veratridine-induced transmitter release in the cochlea will be a very useful method in studying the effect of drugs on ischemic injury. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
- Dopamine release
- Glutamate receptor antagonist
- In vitro superfusion method
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems