Vegetation history reconstructed from anthracology and pollen analysis at the rescue excavation of the MO Motorway, Hungary

Katalin Náfrádi, Elvira Bodor, Tünde Törocsik, P. Sümegi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The significance of geoarchaeological investigations is indisputable in reconstructing the former environment and in studying the relationship between humans and their surroundings. Several disciplines have developed during the last few decades to give insight into earlier time periods and their climatic conditions (e.g. palynology, malacology, archaeobotany, phytology and animal osteology). Charcoal and pollen analytical studies from the rescue excavation of the MO motorway provide information about the vegetation changes of the past. These methods are used to reconstruct the environment of the former settlements and to detect the human impact and natural climatic changes. The sites examined span the periods of the Late-Copper Age, Late-Bronze Age, Middle-Iron Age, Late-Iron Age, Sarmatian period, Late Sarmatian period, Migration period, Late-Migration period and Middle Ages. The vegetation before the Copper Age is based only on pollen analytical data. Anthracological results show the overall dominance of Quercus and a great number of Ulmus, Fraxinus, Acer, Fagus, Alnus and Populus/Salix tree fossils, as well as the residues of fruit trees present in the charred wood assemblage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-367
Number of pages10
JournalCentral European Journal of Geosciences
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Fingerprint

vegetation history
Iron Age
palynology
motorway
excavation
pollen
copper
osteology
Bronze Age
Middle Ages
vegetation
charcoal
anthropogenic effect
fossil
climate change
animal
fruit tree
method

Keywords

  • Charcoal analysis
  • Geoarchaeology
  • Hungary
  • MO motorway
  • Palynology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Vegetation history reconstructed from anthracology and pollen analysis at the rescue excavation of the MO Motorway, Hungary. / Náfrádi, Katalin; Bodor, Elvira; Törocsik, Tünde; Sümegi, P.

In: Central European Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 3, No. 4, 12.2011, p. 358-367.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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