Vasodilator Effect of Glucagon: Receptorial Crosstalk among Glucagon, GLP-1, and Receptor for Glucagon and GLP-1

E. Sélley, S. Kun, I. A. Szijártó, M. Kertész, I. Wittmann, G. A. Molnár

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glucagon is known for its insulin-antagonist effect in the blood glucose homeostasis, while it also reduces vascular resistance. The mechanism of the vasoactive effect of glucagon has not been studied before; thereby we aimed to investigate the mediators involved in the vasodilatation induced by glucagon. The vasoactive effect of glucagon, insulin, and glucagon-like peptide-1 was studied on isolated rat thoracic aortic rings using a wire myograph. To investigate the mechanism of the vasodilatation caused by glucagon, we determined the role of the receptor for glucagon and the receptor for GLP-1, and studied also the effect of various inhibitors of gasotransmitters, inhibitors of reactive oxygen species formation, NADPH oxidase, prostaglandin synthesis, protein kinases, potassium channels, and an inhibitor of the Na+/Ca2+-exchanger. Glucagon causes dose-dependent relaxation in the rat thoracic aorta, which is as potent as that of insulin but greater than that of GLP-1 (7-36) amide. Vasodilatation by GLP-1 is partially mediated by the glucagon receptor. The vasodilatation due to glucagon evokes via the glucagon-receptor, but also via the receptor for GLP-1, and it is endothelium-independent. Contribution of gasotransmitters, prostaglandins, the NADPH oxidase enzyme, free radicals, potassium channels, and the Na+/Ca2+-exchanger is also significant. Glucagon causes dose-dependent relaxation of rat thoracic aorta in vitro, via the receptor for glucagon and the receptor for GLP-1, while the vasodilatation evoked by GLP-1 also evolves partially via the receptor for glucagon, thereby, a possible crosstalk between the 2 hormones and receptors could occur.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)476-483
Number of pages8
JournalHormone and Metabolic Research
Volume48
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • GLP-1
  • aortic rings
  • glucagon
  • vasodilatation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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