Vasoactive substances produced by cultured rat brain endothelial cells

Béla Kis, Csilla A. Szabó, János Pataricza, István A. Krizbai, Zsófia Mezei, Árpád Gecse, Gyula Telegdy, Julius G. Papp, Mária A. Deli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The vasoactive substances synthesized by primary cultures of rat brain endothelial cells were investigated and compared to those from two, immortalized cell lines, RBE4 and GP8. The vasoactivity of endothelium-derived substances was measured on isolated canine coronary artery. Vascular tone was significantly decreased by both primary and GP8, but not by RBE4 cells. Indomethacin pretreatment of primary and GP8 cells turned vasorelaxation into contraction while N(ω)-nitro-l-arginine pretreatment decreased the vasorelaxation induced by primary, but not by GP8 cells. Eicosanoid production was determined after incubation with [14C]arachidonic acid. The predominant vasoactive eicosanoid was prostaglandin E2 in both primary and GP8 cells. RBE4 cells synthetized mainly prostaglandin F(2α) and thromboxane B2 and significantly less prostaglandin E2 than did either primary or GP8 cells. The capacity of cerebral endothelium to regulate vascular tone by production of dilator and constrictor substances can be preserved under certain circumstances in immortalized cell lines. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume368
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 26 1999

Keywords

  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Endothelial cell, brain
  • Nitric oxide (NO)
  • Prostaglandin
  • Vasoregulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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