Arthritides have been associated with accelerated atherosclerosis, increasing the risk of vascular disease. Traditional risk factors, as well as the role of systemic inflammation including activity of cytokines, chemokines, proteases, autoantibodies, adhesion molecules and others, have been implicated in the development of vascular diseases. Accelerated atherosclerosis and increased cardioand cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality have been observed in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthropathies (SpA). Endothelial dysfunction, overt atherosclerosis and vascular stiffness may be indicated by brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD), common carotid intima-media thickness (ccIMT) and aortic pulse-wave velocity (PWV), respectively. These abnormalities have been described in most inflammatory rheumatic diseases. While ccIMT and stiffness are relatively stable, FMD may be influenced by many confounding factors. In addition to traditional vasculoprotection, immunosuppressive agents including corticosteroids, traditional and biologic DMARDs may have significant vascular and metabolic effects. The official EULAR recommendations on the assessment and management of cardiovascular disease in arthritides have been published.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 22 2012|
- Cardiovascular disease
- Endothelial dysfunction
ASJC Scopus subject areas