Vanadate complexes of 3-hydroxy-1,2-dimethyl-pyridinone: Speciation, structure and redox properties

Tamás Jakusch, Éva A. Enyedy, Károly Kozma, Zsófia Paár, Attila Bényei, Tamás Kiss

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Several articles were published about the vanadate-3-hydroxy-1,2-dimethyl- pyridinone (Hdhp) system, however, the results are contradictory and not complete: pH-potentiometry and 51V NMR spectroscopy were used to clarify this complicated system. The eleven peaks in the spectra at different chemical shifts were assigned to ten stoichiometrically different compounds; four of them are new, never identified or assigned before. Besides the simple mono (in two different protonation states) and bis complexes (in three different protonation states) a tris complex, three dinuclear and a trinuclear complex were found based on the 51V NMR spectra measured at different pH values and various metal ion concentrations and metal-to-ligand ratios. As a joint evaluation of the two methods, overall stability constants were calculated for all species. X-ray structure of the potassium salt of the bis complex, [V(V)O2(dhp)2]- was also determined. The trans effect of the oxido-oxygens results in maltolato-type coordination of the ligand instead of the catecholate-like chelation. The redox properties of [V(V)O 2(dhp)2]- and some other prodrug vanadium(V) bis complexes were investigated by spectrophotometry in aqueous solution via their reduction by glutathione (GSH) and l-ascorbic acid (ASC) under strictly anaerobic conditions and by cyclic voltammetry at physiological pH. The reduction was found to be much faster by ASC in all cases as compared with GSH and the reaction rate of the reduction of [V(V)O2(dhp) 2]- was prominently high most probably due to the formation of the significantly higher stability of the corresponding vanadium(IV) complex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-102
Number of pages11
JournalInorganica Chimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - Aug 24 2014



  • 3-Hydroxy-1,2-dimethyl-pyridinone
  • Redox properties
  • Speciation
  • Vanadate complexes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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