A Képességek és Nehézségek Kérdoív (SDQ-Magy) validálása serdülokorú klinikai populációban.

Translated title of the contribution: [Validation of the Hungarian version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in an adolescent clinical population].

Eszter Turi, J. Gervai, Nikolett Áspán, J. Halász, Péter Nagy, J. Gádoros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The short Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) available in parent, teacher and self-report versions, is used world-wide for assessing and screening childhood behavior and mental problems, as part of clinical assessments, therapy outcome evaluations, and research tool. The aim of the present study was to extend the use of Hungarian version to a clinical sample, to examine the clinical cut-off values suggested previously on the basis of a normative sample, and to test the questionnaire's sensitivity in differentiating between different psychiatric disorders. The parent and self-report versions of the five scale SDQ-Magy questionnaire was filled in by 716 parents and their children admitted to Vadaskert Child Psychiatry and Outpatient Clinic. Clinical (ICD) diagnoses were determined during psychiatric examination. With a few exceptions, internal consistencies of the scales were satisfactory (0,55-0,79), the parent version showing greater reliability compared to the self-report version. Children's age, gender, and parents' level of education had some effect on the scale scores. The questionnaire's Total problem and symptom scale scores were very effective in discriminating between the control and the clinical sample. In the clinical sample, parents rated their children's behavior and mental problems as more severe. Profiles of scale scores distinguished the wider internalizing, externalizing, and co-morbid diagnostic categories, as well as the eight specific diagnoses. Based on the normal-abnormal cut-off values proposed earlier (Turi et al., 2011), the great majority of clinical cases were screened by the questionnaire. The Hungarian version of the SDQ proved applicable in a clinical sample. Psychometric properties, variances due to age, gender and informant were consistent with international experiences. SDQ profiles related to clinical diagnoses and their difference from the control group show the sensitivity and discriminative power of the questionnaire, while the screening ability based on clinical cut-offs also supports the clinical use of the questionnaire.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)165-179
Number of pages15
JournalPsychiatria Hungarica : A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság tudományos folyóirata
Volume28
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Population
Self Report
Parents
Psychiatry
Surveys and Questionnaires
Child Psychiatry
Aptitude
Child Behavior
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Psychometrics
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Education
Control Groups
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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title = "A K{\'e}pess{\'e}gek {\'e}s Neh{\'e}zs{\'e}gek K{\'e}rdo{\'i}v (SDQ-Magy) valid{\'a}l{\'a}sa serd{\"u}lokor{\'u} klinikai popul{\'a}ci{\'o}ban.",
abstract = "The short Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) available in parent, teacher and self-report versions, is used world-wide for assessing and screening childhood behavior and mental problems, as part of clinical assessments, therapy outcome evaluations, and research tool. The aim of the present study was to extend the use of Hungarian version to a clinical sample, to examine the clinical cut-off values suggested previously on the basis of a normative sample, and to test the questionnaire's sensitivity in differentiating between different psychiatric disorders. The parent and self-report versions of the five scale SDQ-Magy questionnaire was filled in by 716 parents and their children admitted to Vadaskert Child Psychiatry and Outpatient Clinic. Clinical (ICD) diagnoses were determined during psychiatric examination. With a few exceptions, internal consistencies of the scales were satisfactory (0,55-0,79), the parent version showing greater reliability compared to the self-report version. Children's age, gender, and parents' level of education had some effect on the scale scores. The questionnaire's Total problem and symptom scale scores were very effective in discriminating between the control and the clinical sample. In the clinical sample, parents rated their children's behavior and mental problems as more severe. Profiles of scale scores distinguished the wider internalizing, externalizing, and co-morbid diagnostic categories, as well as the eight specific diagnoses. Based on the normal-abnormal cut-off values proposed earlier (Turi et al., 2011), the great majority of clinical cases were screened by the questionnaire. The Hungarian version of the SDQ proved applicable in a clinical sample. Psychometric properties, variances due to age, gender and informant were consistent with international experiences. SDQ profiles related to clinical diagnoses and their difference from the control group show the sensitivity and discriminative power of the questionnaire, while the screening ability based on clinical cut-offs also supports the clinical use of the questionnaire.",
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AU - Gervai, J.

AU - Áspán, Nikolett

AU - Halász, J.

AU - Nagy, Péter

AU - Gádoros, J.

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AB - The short Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) available in parent, teacher and self-report versions, is used world-wide for assessing and screening childhood behavior and mental problems, as part of clinical assessments, therapy outcome evaluations, and research tool. The aim of the present study was to extend the use of Hungarian version to a clinical sample, to examine the clinical cut-off values suggested previously on the basis of a normative sample, and to test the questionnaire's sensitivity in differentiating between different psychiatric disorders. The parent and self-report versions of the five scale SDQ-Magy questionnaire was filled in by 716 parents and their children admitted to Vadaskert Child Psychiatry and Outpatient Clinic. Clinical (ICD) diagnoses were determined during psychiatric examination. With a few exceptions, internal consistencies of the scales were satisfactory (0,55-0,79), the parent version showing greater reliability compared to the self-report version. Children's age, gender, and parents' level of education had some effect on the scale scores. The questionnaire's Total problem and symptom scale scores were very effective in discriminating between the control and the clinical sample. In the clinical sample, parents rated their children's behavior and mental problems as more severe. Profiles of scale scores distinguished the wider internalizing, externalizing, and co-morbid diagnostic categories, as well as the eight specific diagnoses. Based on the normal-abnormal cut-off values proposed earlier (Turi et al., 2011), the great majority of clinical cases were screened by the questionnaire. The Hungarian version of the SDQ proved applicable in a clinical sample. Psychometric properties, variances due to age, gender and informant were consistent with international experiences. SDQ profiles related to clinical diagnoses and their difference from the control group show the sensitivity and discriminative power of the questionnaire, while the screening ability based on clinical cut-offs also supports the clinical use of the questionnaire.

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