Vagus-mediated activation of mucosal mast cells in the stomach: Effect of ketotifen on gastric mucosal lesion formation and acid secretion induced by a high dose of intracisternal TRH analogue

Àgnes Király, Gábor Süto, Bea Tam, Viktoria Hermann, Gyula Mózsik

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Abstract

TRH analogue, RX 77368, injected intracisternally (i.c.) at high dose (3 μg/rat) produces gastric mucosal lesion formation through vagal-dependent pathway. The gastric mucosal hyperemia induced by i.c. RX 77368 was shown to be mediated by muscarinic vagal efferent fibres and mast cells. Furthermore, electrical vagal stimulation was observed to induce gastric mucosal mast cell degranulation. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of ketotifen, a mast cell stabilizer, on RX 77368-induced gastric lesion formation and gastric acid secretion. RX 77368 (3 μg, i.c.) or vehicle (10 μL, i.c.) was delivered 240 min prior to the sacrifice of the animals. Ketotifen or vehicle (0.9% NaCl, 0.5 mL) was injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) at a dose of 10 mg·kg-1 30 min before RX 77368 injection. The extent of mucosal damage was planimetrically measured by a video image analyzer (ASK Ltd., Budapest) device. In the gastric acid secretion studies, the rats were pretreated with ketotifen (10 mg·kg-1, i.p.) or vehicle (0.9% NaCl, 0.5 mL, i.p.), 30 min later pylorus-ligation was performed and RX 77368 (3 μg, i.c.) or vehicle (0.9% NaCl, 10 μL, i.c.) was injected. The rats were killed 240 min after i.c. injection, and the gastric acid secretion was measured through the titration of gastric contents with 0.1 N NaOH to pH 7.0. RX 77368 (3 μg, i.c.) resulted in a gastric mucosal lesion formation involving 8.2% of the corpus mucosa (n = 7). Ketotifen elicited an 85% inhibition on the development of mucosal lesions (n = 7, P < 0.001) whereas ketotifen alone had no effect on the lesion formation in the mucosa (n = 7). The RX 77368 induced increase of gastric acid secretion was not influenced by ketotifen pretreatment in 4-h pylorus-ligated animals. Central vagal activation induced mucosal lesion formation is mediated by the activation of mucosal mast cells in the stomach. Mast cell inhibition by ketotifen does not influence gastric acid secretion induced by i.c. TRH analogue in 4-h pylorus-ligated rats. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-134
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Physiology Paris
Volume94
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2000

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Keywords

  • Gastric acid secretion
  • Gastric mucosal lesion
  • Mast cells
  • TRH analogue
  • Vagus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology (medical)

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