Utilization of (18-Crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic Acid as a Chiral NMR Solvating Agent for Diamines and β-Amino Acids

Yolanda C. Rodriguez, Tayla M. Duarte, Z. Szakonyi, E. Forró, F. Fülöp, Thomas J. Wenzel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The compound (18-crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid was evaluated as a chiral nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) solvating agent for a series of diamines and bicyclic β-amino acids. The amine must be protonated for strong association with the crown ether. An advantage of (18-crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid over many other crown ethers is that it undergoes a neutralization reaction with neutral amines to form the protonated species needed for binding. Twelve primary diamines in neutral and protonated forms were evaluated. Diamines with aryl and aliphatic groups were examined. Some are atropisomers with equivalent amine groups. Others have two nonequivalent amine groups. Association equilibria for these systems are complex, given the potential formation of 2:1, 1:1, and 1:2 crown-amine complexes and given the various charged species in solution for mixtures of the crown ether with the neutral amine. The crown ether produced enantiomeric differentiation in the 1H NMR spectrum of one or more resonances for every diamine substrate. Also, a series of five bicyclic β-amino acids were examined and (18-crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid caused enantiomeric differentiation in the 1H NMR spectrum of three or more resonances of each compound. Chirality 27:708-715, 2015.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)708-715
Number of pages8
JournalChirality
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015

Fingerprint

Diamines
Crown Ethers
Amines
Amino acids
Crown ethers
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Amino Acids
Acids
Chirality
Crowns
18-crown-6 2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid
Substrates

Keywords

  • bicyclic β-amino acids
  • diamines
  • NMR solvating agent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology
  • Catalysis
  • Spectroscopy

Cite this

Utilization of (18-Crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic Acid as a Chiral NMR Solvating Agent for Diamines and β-Amino Acids. / Rodriguez, Yolanda C.; Duarte, Tayla M.; Szakonyi, Z.; Forró, E.; Fülöp, F.; Wenzel, Thomas J.

In: Chirality, Vol. 27, No. 10, 01.10.2015, p. 708-715.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The compound (18-crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid was evaluated as a chiral nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) solvating agent for a series of diamines and bicyclic β-amino acids. The amine must be protonated for strong association with the crown ether. An advantage of (18-crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid over many other crown ethers is that it undergoes a neutralization reaction with neutral amines to form the protonated species needed for binding. Twelve primary diamines in neutral and protonated forms were evaluated. Diamines with aryl and aliphatic groups were examined. Some are atropisomers with equivalent amine groups. Others have two nonequivalent amine groups. Association equilibria for these systems are complex, given the potential formation of 2:1, 1:1, and 1:2 crown-amine complexes and given the various charged species in solution for mixtures of the crown ether with the neutral amine. The crown ether produced enantiomeric differentiation in the 1H NMR spectrum of one or more resonances for every diamine substrate. Also, a series of five bicyclic β-amino acids were examined and (18-crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid caused enantiomeric differentiation in the 1H NMR spectrum of three or more resonances of each compound. Chirality 27:708-715, 2015.

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