Utilization of α-olefins obtained by pyrolysis of waste high density polyethylene to synthesize α-olefin-succinic-anhydride based cold flow improvers

Norbert Miskolczi, Richard Sági, László Bartha, Lívia Forcek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new route of utilization of α-olefin rich hydrocarbon fractions obtained by waste polymer pyrolysis was investigated. α-olefin-succinic-anhydride intermediate-based pour point depressant additives for diesel fuel were synthesized, in which reactions needed α-olefins were obtained by pyrolysis of waste high-density polyethylene (HDPE). Fraction of α-olefins was produced by the de-polymerization of plastic waste in a tube reactor at 500°C in the absence of catalysts and air. C17-22 range of mixtures of olefins and paraffins were separated for synthesis and then, these hydrocarbons were reacted with maleic-anhydride (MA) for formation of α-olefin-succinic-anhydride intermediates. The olefin-rich hydrocarbon fraction contained approximately 60% of olefins, including 90%-95% α-olefins. Other intermediates were produced in the same way by using commercial C20 α-olefin instead of C17-22 olefin mixture. The two different experimental intermediates with number average molecular weights of 1850 g/mol and 1760 g/mol were reacted with different alcohols: 1-butanol, 1-hexanol, 1-octanol, i-butanol, and c-hexanol to produce their ester derivatives. The synthesized ten experimental pour point depressants were added in different concentrations to conventional diesel fuel, which had no other additive content before. The structure and efficiency of experimental additives were followed by different standardized and non-standardized methods. Results showed that the experimental additives on the basis of the product of waste pyrolysis were able to decrease not only the pour but also the cloud point and cold filter plugging point (CFPP) of diesel fuel, whose effects could be observed even if the concentration of additives was low. Furthermore, all additives had anti-wear and anti-friction effects in diesel fuel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-310
Number of pages9
JournalRanliao Huaxue Xuebao/Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009

Keywords

  • Antiwear and antifriction effects
  • Chemical recycling
  • Petrochemical utilization
  • Waste polymer
  • α-olefin-succinic-anhydride intermediate based pour point depressant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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