Using reduced rank regression methods to identify dietary patterns associated with obesity: A cross-country study among European and Australian adolescents

Inge Huybrechts, Sandrine Lioret, Theodora Mouratidou, Marc J. Gunter, Yannis Manios, Mathilde Kersting, Frederic Gottrand, Anthony Kafatos, Stefaan De Henauw, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Kurt Widhalm, Marcela Gonzales-Gross, D. Molnár, Luis A. Moreno, Sarah A. McNaughton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aims to examine repeatability of reduced rank regression (RRR) methods in calculating dietary patterns (DP) and cross-sectional associations with overweight (OW)/obesity across European and Australian samples of adolescents. Data from two cross-sectional surveys in Europe (2006/2007 Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study, including 1954 adolescents, 12-17 years) and Australia (2007 National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, including 1498 adolescents, 12-16 years) were used. Dietary intake was measured using two non-consecutive, 24-h recalls. RRR was used to identify DP using dietary energy density, fibre density and percentage of energy intake from fat as the intermediate variables. Associations between DP scores and body mass/fat were examined using multivariable linear and logistic regression as appropriate, stratified by sex. The first DP extracted (labelled 'energy dense, high fat, low fibre') explained 47 and 31 % of the response variation in Australian and European adolescents, respectively. It was similar for European and Australian adolescents and characterised by higher consumption of biscuits/cakes, chocolate/confectionery, crisps/savoury snacks, sugar-sweetened beverages, and lower consumption of yogurt, high-fibre bread, vegetables and fresh fruit. DP scores were inversely associated with BMI z-scores in Australian adolescent boys and borderline inverse in European adolescent boys (so as with %BF). Similarly, a lower likelihood for OW in boys was observed with higher DP scores in both surveys. No such relationships were observed in adolescent girls. In conclusion, the DP identified in this cross-country study was comparable for European and Australian adolescents, demonstrating robustness of the RRR method in calculating DP among populations. However, longitudinal designs are more relevant when studying diet-obesity associations, to prevent reverse causality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-305
Number of pages11
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume117
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 28 2017

Fingerprint

Obesity
Fats
Satureja
Yogurt
Snacks
Bread
Beverages
Energy Intake
Causality
Vegetables
Linear Models
Fruit
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Exercise
Diet
Population

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Australian National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey
  • Dietary patterns
  • Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study
  • Reduced rank regression analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Using reduced rank regression methods to identify dietary patterns associated with obesity : A cross-country study among European and Australian adolescents. / Huybrechts, Inge; Lioret, Sandrine; Mouratidou, Theodora; Gunter, Marc J.; Manios, Yannis; Kersting, Mathilde; Gottrand, Frederic; Kafatos, Anthony; De Henauw, Stefaan; Cuenca-García, Magdalena; Widhalm, Kurt; Gonzales-Gross, Marcela; Molnár, D.; Moreno, Luis A.; McNaughton, Sarah A.

In: British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 117, No. 2, 28.01.2017, p. 295-305.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Huybrechts, I, Lioret, S, Mouratidou, T, Gunter, MJ, Manios, Y, Kersting, M, Gottrand, F, Kafatos, A, De Henauw, S, Cuenca-García, M, Widhalm, K, Gonzales-Gross, M, Molnár, D, Moreno, LA & McNaughton, SA 2017, 'Using reduced rank regression methods to identify dietary patterns associated with obesity: A cross-country study among European and Australian adolescents', British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 117, no. 2, pp. 295-305. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114516004669
Huybrechts, Inge ; Lioret, Sandrine ; Mouratidou, Theodora ; Gunter, Marc J. ; Manios, Yannis ; Kersting, Mathilde ; Gottrand, Frederic ; Kafatos, Anthony ; De Henauw, Stefaan ; Cuenca-García, Magdalena ; Widhalm, Kurt ; Gonzales-Gross, Marcela ; Molnár, D. ; Moreno, Luis A. ; McNaughton, Sarah A. / Using reduced rank regression methods to identify dietary patterns associated with obesity : A cross-country study among European and Australian adolescents. In: British Journal of Nutrition. 2017 ; Vol. 117, No. 2. pp. 295-305.
@article{b4fba06b4e2e463681789236550ab237,
title = "Using reduced rank regression methods to identify dietary patterns associated with obesity: A cross-country study among European and Australian adolescents",
abstract = "This study aims to examine repeatability of reduced rank regression (RRR) methods in calculating dietary patterns (DP) and cross-sectional associations with overweight (OW)/obesity across European and Australian samples of adolescents. Data from two cross-sectional surveys in Europe (2006/2007 Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study, including 1954 adolescents, 12-17 years) and Australia (2007 National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, including 1498 adolescents, 12-16 years) were used. Dietary intake was measured using two non-consecutive, 24-h recalls. RRR was used to identify DP using dietary energy density, fibre density and percentage of energy intake from fat as the intermediate variables. Associations between DP scores and body mass/fat were examined using multivariable linear and logistic regression as appropriate, stratified by sex. The first DP extracted (labelled 'energy dense, high fat, low fibre') explained 47 and 31 {\%} of the response variation in Australian and European adolescents, respectively. It was similar for European and Australian adolescents and characterised by higher consumption of biscuits/cakes, chocolate/confectionery, crisps/savoury snacks, sugar-sweetened beverages, and lower consumption of yogurt, high-fibre bread, vegetables and fresh fruit. DP scores were inversely associated with BMI z-scores in Australian adolescent boys and borderline inverse in European adolescent boys (so as with {\%}BF). Similarly, a lower likelihood for OW in boys was observed with higher DP scores in both surveys. No such relationships were observed in adolescent girls. In conclusion, the DP identified in this cross-country study was comparable for European and Australian adolescents, demonstrating robustness of the RRR method in calculating DP among populations. However, longitudinal designs are more relevant when studying diet-obesity associations, to prevent reverse causality.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Australian National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, Dietary patterns, Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study, Reduced rank regression analysis",
author = "Inge Huybrechts and Sandrine Lioret and Theodora Mouratidou and Gunter, {Marc J.} and Yannis Manios and Mathilde Kersting and Frederic Gottrand and Anthony Kafatos and {De Henauw}, Stefaan and Magdalena Cuenca-Garc{\'i}a and Kurt Widhalm and Marcela Gonzales-Gross and D. Moln{\'a}r and Moreno, {Luis A.} and McNaughton, {Sarah A.}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1017/S0007114516004669",
language = "English",
volume = "117",
pages = "295--305",
journal = "British Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "0007-1145",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Using reduced rank regression methods to identify dietary patterns associated with obesity

T2 - A cross-country study among European and Australian adolescents

AU - Huybrechts, Inge

AU - Lioret, Sandrine

AU - Mouratidou, Theodora

AU - Gunter, Marc J.

AU - Manios, Yannis

AU - Kersting, Mathilde

AU - Gottrand, Frederic

AU - Kafatos, Anthony

AU - De Henauw, Stefaan

AU - Cuenca-García, Magdalena

AU - Widhalm, Kurt

AU - Gonzales-Gross, Marcela

AU - Molnár, D.

AU - Moreno, Luis A.

AU - McNaughton, Sarah A.

PY - 2017/1/28

Y1 - 2017/1/28

N2 - This study aims to examine repeatability of reduced rank regression (RRR) methods in calculating dietary patterns (DP) and cross-sectional associations with overweight (OW)/obesity across European and Australian samples of adolescents. Data from two cross-sectional surveys in Europe (2006/2007 Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study, including 1954 adolescents, 12-17 years) and Australia (2007 National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, including 1498 adolescents, 12-16 years) were used. Dietary intake was measured using two non-consecutive, 24-h recalls. RRR was used to identify DP using dietary energy density, fibre density and percentage of energy intake from fat as the intermediate variables. Associations between DP scores and body mass/fat were examined using multivariable linear and logistic regression as appropriate, stratified by sex. The first DP extracted (labelled 'energy dense, high fat, low fibre') explained 47 and 31 % of the response variation in Australian and European adolescents, respectively. It was similar for European and Australian adolescents and characterised by higher consumption of biscuits/cakes, chocolate/confectionery, crisps/savoury snacks, sugar-sweetened beverages, and lower consumption of yogurt, high-fibre bread, vegetables and fresh fruit. DP scores were inversely associated with BMI z-scores in Australian adolescent boys and borderline inverse in European adolescent boys (so as with %BF). Similarly, a lower likelihood for OW in boys was observed with higher DP scores in both surveys. No such relationships were observed in adolescent girls. In conclusion, the DP identified in this cross-country study was comparable for European and Australian adolescents, demonstrating robustness of the RRR method in calculating DP among populations. However, longitudinal designs are more relevant when studying diet-obesity associations, to prevent reverse causality.

AB - This study aims to examine repeatability of reduced rank regression (RRR) methods in calculating dietary patterns (DP) and cross-sectional associations with overweight (OW)/obesity across European and Australian samples of adolescents. Data from two cross-sectional surveys in Europe (2006/2007 Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study, including 1954 adolescents, 12-17 years) and Australia (2007 National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, including 1498 adolescents, 12-16 years) were used. Dietary intake was measured using two non-consecutive, 24-h recalls. RRR was used to identify DP using dietary energy density, fibre density and percentage of energy intake from fat as the intermediate variables. Associations between DP scores and body mass/fat were examined using multivariable linear and logistic regression as appropriate, stratified by sex. The first DP extracted (labelled 'energy dense, high fat, low fibre') explained 47 and 31 % of the response variation in Australian and European adolescents, respectively. It was similar for European and Australian adolescents and characterised by higher consumption of biscuits/cakes, chocolate/confectionery, crisps/savoury snacks, sugar-sweetened beverages, and lower consumption of yogurt, high-fibre bread, vegetables and fresh fruit. DP scores were inversely associated with BMI z-scores in Australian adolescent boys and borderline inverse in European adolescent boys (so as with %BF). Similarly, a lower likelihood for OW in boys was observed with higher DP scores in both surveys. No such relationships were observed in adolescent girls. In conclusion, the DP identified in this cross-country study was comparable for European and Australian adolescents, demonstrating robustness of the RRR method in calculating DP among populations. However, longitudinal designs are more relevant when studying diet-obesity associations, to prevent reverse causality.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Australian National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey

KW - Dietary patterns

KW - Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study

KW - Reduced rank regression analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85011883675&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85011883675&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S0007114516004669

DO - 10.1017/S0007114516004669

M3 - Article

C2 - 28166853

AN - SCOPUS:85011883675

VL - 117

SP - 295

EP - 305

JO - British Journal of Nutrition

JF - British Journal of Nutrition

SN - 0007-1145

IS - 2

ER -