Usefulness of combined genetic data in Hungarian families affected by autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

E. Endreffy, Zoltán Maróti, C. Bereczki, S. Túri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common hereditary diseases. Mutations of two known genetic loci (PKD1: 16p13.3 and PKD2: 4q21.2) can lead to bilateral renal cysts. The PKD1 locus is the more common (∼85%), with a more severe phenotype. Because of the genetic complexity of ADPKD and the size and complexity of the PKD1 gene, pedigree-based linkage analysis is a useful tool for the genetic diagnosis in families with more than one subject affected. We tested linkage or non-linkage to the closely linked DNA markers flanking the PKD1 (D16S663 and D16S291) and one intragenic D16S3252 and PKD2 (D4S1563 and D4S2462) in 30 ADPKD-affected families, to determine the distributions of alleles and the degree of microsatellite polymorphisms (in 91 patients and 125 healthy subjects). To characterize the markers, used heterozygosity levels, polymorphism information content and LOD scores were calculated. The D16S663 marker included 12 kinds of alleles, while D16S291 had 10 alleles and D16S3252 had 8. D4S1563 had 12 alleles and D4S2462 had 11. In a search for a common ancestral relationship, we considered the patients' alleles with the same repeat number. Only one haplotype was detected in more than one (2) unrelated families. The calculated two-point LOD scores indicated a linkage to PKD1 in 22 families (74%). In four families (13%) with a linkage to PKD2, the patients reached the end-stage renal disease after the age of 65 years. One family was linked to neither gene (3%), and in three families (10%) a linkage to both genes was possible. In the latter three families, the numbers of analyzed subjects were small (4-5), and/or some markers were only partially or non-informative. However, the elderly affected family members exhibited the clinical signs of the PKD1 form in these cases. The new Hungarian population genetic information was compared with available data on other populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-43
Number of pages5
JournalMolecular and Cellular Probes
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009

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Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney
Alleles
Genes
Inborn Genetic Diseases
Genetic Loci
Population Genetics
Pedigree
Genetic Markers
Microsatellite Repeats
Haplotypes
Chronic Kidney Failure
Cysts
Healthy Volunteers
Phenotype
Kidney
Mutation

Keywords

  • Marker analysis
  • Polycystic kidney disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Usefulness of combined genetic data in Hungarian families affected by autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease",
abstract = "Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common hereditary diseases. Mutations of two known genetic loci (PKD1: 16p13.3 and PKD2: 4q21.2) can lead to bilateral renal cysts. The PKD1 locus is the more common (∼85{\%}), with a more severe phenotype. Because of the genetic complexity of ADPKD and the size and complexity of the PKD1 gene, pedigree-based linkage analysis is a useful tool for the genetic diagnosis in families with more than one subject affected. We tested linkage or non-linkage to the closely linked DNA markers flanking the PKD1 (D16S663 and D16S291) and one intragenic D16S3252 and PKD2 (D4S1563 and D4S2462) in 30 ADPKD-affected families, to determine the distributions of alleles and the degree of microsatellite polymorphisms (in 91 patients and 125 healthy subjects). To characterize the markers, used heterozygosity levels, polymorphism information content and LOD scores were calculated. The D16S663 marker included 12 kinds of alleles, while D16S291 had 10 alleles and D16S3252 had 8. D4S1563 had 12 alleles and D4S2462 had 11. In a search for a common ancestral relationship, we considered the patients' alleles with the same repeat number. Only one haplotype was detected in more than one (2) unrelated families. The calculated two-point LOD scores indicated a linkage to PKD1 in 22 families (74{\%}). In four families (13{\%}) with a linkage to PKD2, the patients reached the end-stage renal disease after the age of 65 years. One family was linked to neither gene (3{\%}), and in three families (10{\%}) a linkage to both genes was possible. In the latter three families, the numbers of analyzed subjects were small (4-5), and/or some markers were only partially or non-informative. However, the elderly affected family members exhibited the clinical signs of the PKD1 form in these cases. The new Hungarian population genetic information was compared with available data on other populations.",
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AU - Túri, S.

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N2 - Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common hereditary diseases. Mutations of two known genetic loci (PKD1: 16p13.3 and PKD2: 4q21.2) can lead to bilateral renal cysts. The PKD1 locus is the more common (∼85%), with a more severe phenotype. Because of the genetic complexity of ADPKD and the size and complexity of the PKD1 gene, pedigree-based linkage analysis is a useful tool for the genetic diagnosis in families with more than one subject affected. We tested linkage or non-linkage to the closely linked DNA markers flanking the PKD1 (D16S663 and D16S291) and one intragenic D16S3252 and PKD2 (D4S1563 and D4S2462) in 30 ADPKD-affected families, to determine the distributions of alleles and the degree of microsatellite polymorphisms (in 91 patients and 125 healthy subjects). To characterize the markers, used heterozygosity levels, polymorphism information content and LOD scores were calculated. The D16S663 marker included 12 kinds of alleles, while D16S291 had 10 alleles and D16S3252 had 8. D4S1563 had 12 alleles and D4S2462 had 11. In a search for a common ancestral relationship, we considered the patients' alleles with the same repeat number. Only one haplotype was detected in more than one (2) unrelated families. The calculated two-point LOD scores indicated a linkage to PKD1 in 22 families (74%). In four families (13%) with a linkage to PKD2, the patients reached the end-stage renal disease after the age of 65 years. One family was linked to neither gene (3%), and in three families (10%) a linkage to both genes was possible. In the latter three families, the numbers of analyzed subjects were small (4-5), and/or some markers were only partially or non-informative. However, the elderly affected family members exhibited the clinical signs of the PKD1 form in these cases. The new Hungarian population genetic information was compared with available data on other populations.

AB - Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common hereditary diseases. Mutations of two known genetic loci (PKD1: 16p13.3 and PKD2: 4q21.2) can lead to bilateral renal cysts. The PKD1 locus is the more common (∼85%), with a more severe phenotype. Because of the genetic complexity of ADPKD and the size and complexity of the PKD1 gene, pedigree-based linkage analysis is a useful tool for the genetic diagnosis in families with more than one subject affected. We tested linkage or non-linkage to the closely linked DNA markers flanking the PKD1 (D16S663 and D16S291) and one intragenic D16S3252 and PKD2 (D4S1563 and D4S2462) in 30 ADPKD-affected families, to determine the distributions of alleles and the degree of microsatellite polymorphisms (in 91 patients and 125 healthy subjects). To characterize the markers, used heterozygosity levels, polymorphism information content and LOD scores were calculated. The D16S663 marker included 12 kinds of alleles, while D16S291 had 10 alleles and D16S3252 had 8. D4S1563 had 12 alleles and D4S2462 had 11. In a search for a common ancestral relationship, we considered the patients' alleles with the same repeat number. Only one haplotype was detected in more than one (2) unrelated families. The calculated two-point LOD scores indicated a linkage to PKD1 in 22 families (74%). In four families (13%) with a linkage to PKD2, the patients reached the end-stage renal disease after the age of 65 years. One family was linked to neither gene (3%), and in three families (10%) a linkage to both genes was possible. In the latter three families, the numbers of analyzed subjects were small (4-5), and/or some markers were only partially or non-informative. However, the elderly affected family members exhibited the clinical signs of the PKD1 form in these cases. The new Hungarian population genetic information was compared with available data on other populations.

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