Use of optimization models in river basin water quality planning

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

16 Citations (Scopus)


A literature review on water quality management optimization models is presented. They include linear and non-linear approaches, deterministic and stochastic methods, as well as multi-criteria decision techniques. Two river basin decision support systems, DESERT and STREAMPLAN developed recently at the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis, (IIASA) are outlined. The usage of these tools is illustrated by results obtained for three river basins located in Central and Eastern European countries. Examples incorporate least-cost DO policies, regional strategies to reduce nutrient emissions with special regard to the control of inland sea eutrophication, multi-criteria decision making and the sequential usage of optimization and simulation models to assess the sensitivity of a particular policy in terms of water quality and economic impacts. Major features of available optimization models are classified. Reasons of their rare real life applications and associated barriers are evaluated, primarily the nature of legislation and related institutional structures. Finally, a future outlook is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-218
Number of pages10
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 9 1997
EventProceedings of the 1997 4th IAWQ International Symposium on Systems Analysis and Computing in Water Quality Management - Quebec, Can
Duration: Jun 17 1997Jun 20 1997



  • Central and Eastern Europe
  • Modeling
  • Multi-criteria decision making
  • Optimization
  • River basin management
  • Systems analysis
  • Water quality legislation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

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