Aims: To analyse glucose-lowering drug utilization, focusing on the novel glucose-lowering drug groups dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors, and the financial burden they entail. Methods: Crude reimbursed national drug utilization and expenditure data for the entire population of Hungary were obtained from the National Health Insurance Fund for the study period: 2008 to 2017. Data were analysed using the WHO's Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification/defined daily dose system and were expressed in defined daily dose per 1000 inhabitants per day. Results: Total glucose-lowering drug consumption in Hungary showed an 18% increase over the study period, reaching 74.7 defined daily doses per 1000 inhabitants per day, while novel glucose-lowering drug use increased to 11.7 defined daily doses per 1000 inhabitants per day (16% of total glucose-lowering drug use) by 2017. Dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 inhibitor consumption grew to 7.4 defined daily doses per 1000 inhabitants per day by 2017. The most widely used dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 inhibitor was sitagliptin. Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists were used the least, but by 2017 rose to 1.5 defined daily doses per 1000 inhabitants per day, led by liraglutide. Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors appeared in the utilization data in 2014 and their consumption, mainly empagliflozin, reached 2.8 defined daily doses per 1000 inhabitants per day by 2017. The total expenditure on glucose-lowering drugs increased 94% between 2008 and 2017, and the total cost of novel glucose-lowering drug utilization comprised 44% of the total glucose-lowering drug expenditure in 2017. Conclusions: Both the use of and the financial burden posed by novel glucose-lowering drugs in Hungary increased steadily between 2008 and 2017. This increase is expected to continue.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism