Urinary protein markers for the detection and prognostication of urothelial carcinoma

Tibor Szarvas, P. Nyírády, Takashi Kobayashi, Osamu Ogawa, Charles J. Rosser, Hideki Furuya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bladder cancer diagnosis and surveillance is mainly based on cystoscopy and urine cytology. However, both methods have significant limitations; urine cytology has a low sensitivity for low-grade tumors, while cystoscopy is uncomfortable for the patients. Therefore, in the last decade urine analysis was the subject of intensive research resulting in the identification of many potential biomarkers for the detection, surveillance, or prognostic stratification of bladder cancer. Current trends move toward the development of multiparametric models to improve the diagnostic accuracy compared with single molecular markers. Recent technical advances for high-throughput and more sensitive measurements have led to the development of multiplex assays showing potential for more efficient tools toward future clinical application. In this review, we focus on the findings of urinary protein research in the context of detection and prognostication of bladder cancer. Furthermore, we provide an up-to-date overview on the recommendations for the quality evaluation of published studies as well as for the conduction of future urinary biomarker studies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Pages251-273
Number of pages23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume1655
ISSN (Print)1064-3745

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Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • Bladder cancer
  • Diagnosis
  • Prognosis
  • Urine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Szarvas, T., Nyírády, P., Kobayashi, T., Ogawa, O., Rosser, C. J., & Furuya, H. (2018). Urinary protein markers for the detection and prognostication of urothelial carcinoma. In Methods in Molecular Biology (pp. 251-273). (Methods in Molecular Biology; Vol. 1655). Humana Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-7234-0_19