Urban heat island research of novi sad (Serbia): A review

Savić Stevan, Unger János, Gál Tamás, Milošević Dragan, Popov Zlatica

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Citations (Scopus)


In the second part of the 20th century, urbanization accelerated and reached enormous magnitude, which results more and more people live in urbanized regions. Nowadays, about half of the human population is affected by the burdens of urban environments and furthermore the modified parameters of the urban atmosphere compared to the natural environment. Novi Sad (45°15'N, 19°50'E) is located in the northern part of Serbia, i.e. on the southern part of the Pannonian Plain and it is the second largest city in the country with a population of about 320,000 in a built-up area of approximately 80 km2. The geographical area is plain, from 80 to 86 m a.s.l., with a gentle relief, so its climate is free from orographic effects. According to Köppen-Geiger climate classification, this region is categorised as Cfa climate (temperate warm climate with a rather uniform annual distribution of precipitation). In the last 20 years, a few papers have been published considering urban heat island (UHI) investigations of Novi Sad. The first publication in 1994 is theoretically based and presents all parameters, methods and measurements, which have to be used in order to work on UHI research of Novi Sad. The next studies from 1995 and 2006 analyzed various temperature parameters based on 30-40 year long time series and used rural and urban stations in order to get urban-rural temperature differences. Based on meteorological parameters and the structure of urban area, in 2010 the necessity of defining locations of an urban climate network was showed in order to advance further UHI research. In the last two publications from 2011 a new empirical modeling method, adjusted for cities located on plains, has been used in order to determine locations for representative stations of an urban climate network in Novi Sad.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-36
Number of pages5
JournalGeographica Pannonica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 14 2013



  • Empirical modeling method
  • Meteorological parameters
  • Novi sad
  • Serbia
  • Urban heat island
  • Urban station network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Geology
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Stevan, S., János, U., Tamás, G., Dragan, M., & Zlatica, P. (2013). Urban heat island research of novi sad (Serbia): A review. Geographica Pannonica, 17(1), 32-36.