Updating water quality targets for shallow Lake Balaton (Hungary), recovering from eutrophication

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72 Citations (Scopus)


The paper presents an overview about recovery of shallow Lake Balaton from eutrophication by assessing quantitative and qualitative changes in phytoplankton, zooplankton, and chironomids as a function of load reduction. The aim was to update the present water quality targets. The proposed targeting scheme supplements the existing one with a range of lake-specific ecological criteria. We conclude that simple targets (desired phytoplankton biomass and permissible load) are the best choice during the initial stage of eutrophication management, but more complex schemes including ecological criteria are needed to trace recovery when re-organization of the ecosystem takes place.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-318
Number of pages14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2007


  • Chironomid fauna
  • Cyanobacteria
  • Phosphorus load
  • Phytoplankton
  • Sediment behavior
  • Zooplankton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

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