Unlubricated rolling wear of HNBR/FKM/MWCNT compounds against steel

D. Xu, J. Karger-Kocsis, Z. Major, R. Thomann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rolling friction and wear of the compounds of peroxide-cured hydrogenated acrylonitrile/butadiene rubber (HNBR) and fluororubber (FKM) (HNBRFKM) with and without multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) contents were studied against steel in orbital rolling ball (steel)-on-plate (rubber) test rig (Orbital-RBOP). The phase structure of the rubber compounds in the presence and absence of MWCNT was studied by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), transmission electron and atomic force microscopy (TEM and AFM, respectively). It was established that HNBR formed the matrix in which micron-scaled FKM domains were dispersed. MWCNT was preferentially embedded in the HNBR. The network-related and surface tension properties of the rubber compounds were derived from DMTA tests and contact angle measurements, respectively. The Martens hardness of the rubbers was also measured. The coefficient of friction (COF) and specific wear rate (Ws) were determined in Orbital-RBOP. Blending of HNBR with FKM increased the COF slightly and decreased the specific wear rate prominently when compared with pure HNBR. Additional MWCNT reinforcement (10 parts per hundred part rubber, phr) of the HNBR and HNBR-FKM further increased the COF and at the same time improved the wear resistance. The wear mechanisms were concluded by inspecting the worn surfaces in scanning electron microscope (SEM) and discussed as a function of FKM and MWCNT modifications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1461-1470
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume112
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 5 2009

Fingerprint

Acrylonitrile
Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCN)
Steel
Rubber
Butadiene
Wear of materials
Friction
Thermoanalysis
1,3-butadiene
Peroxides
Phase structure
Angle measurement
Contact angle
Wear resistance
Surface tension
Atomic force microscopy

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotube
  • Fluoropolymers
  • Nanocomposites
  • Phase behavior
  • Rolling wear
  • Rubber
  • Structure-property relations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Unlubricated rolling wear of HNBR/FKM/MWCNT compounds against steel. / Xu, D.; Karger-Kocsis, J.; Major, Z.; Thomann, R.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 112, No. 3, 05.05.2009, p. 1461-1470.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Xu, D. ; Karger-Kocsis, J. ; Major, Z. ; Thomann, R. / Unlubricated rolling wear of HNBR/FKM/MWCNT compounds against steel. In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2009 ; Vol. 112, No. 3. pp. 1461-1470.
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