Unexpected Sequential NH3/H2O Solid/Gas Phase Ligand Exchange and Quasi-Intramolecular Self-Protonation Yield [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4], a Photocatalyst Misidentified before as (NH4)2Cu(MoO4)2

I. Sajó, László P. Bakos, Imre M. Szilágyi, G. Lendvay, József Magyari, M. Mohai, A. Szegedi, Attila Farkas, Anna Jánosity, Szilvia Klébert, László Kótai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

[NH4Cu(OH)MoO4] as active photocatalyst in the decomposition of Congo Red when irradiated by UV or visible light has been prepared in an unusual ammonia/water ligand exchange reaction of [tetraamminecopper(II)] molybdate, [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4. [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4 was subjected to moisture of open air at room temperature. Light blue orthorhombic [Cu(NH3)(H2O)3]MoO4 was formed in 2 days as a result of an unexpected solid/gas phase ammonia-water ligand exchange reaction. This complex does not lose its last ammonia ligand on further standing in open air; however, a slow quasi-intramolecular (self)-protonation reaction takes place in 2-4 weeks, producing a yellowish-green microcrystalline material, which has been identified as a new compound, [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4], (a = 10,5306 Å, b = 6.0871 Å, c = 8.0148 Å, β = 64,153°, C2, Z = 4). Mechanisms are proposed for both the sequential ligand exchange and the self-protonation reactions supported by ab initio quantum-chemical calculations and deuteration experiments as well. The [Cu(NH3)(H2O)3]MoO4 intermediate transforms into NH4Cu(OH)(H2O)2MoO4, which loses two waters and yields [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4]. Upon heating, both [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4 and [Cu(NH3)(H2O)3]MoO4 decompose, losing three NH3 and three H2O ligands, respectively, and stable [Cu(NH3)MoO4] is formed from both. The latter can partially be hydrated in boiling water into [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4. This compound can also be prepared in pure form by boiling the saturated aqueous solution of [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4. All properties of [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4] match those of the active photocatalyst described earlier in the literature under the formulas (NH4)2[Cu(MoO4)2] and (NH4)2Cu4(NH3)3Mo5O20.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13679-13692
Number of pages14
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume57
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 5 2018

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Protonation
Photocatalysts
Ion exchange
Gases
vapor phases
Ligands
ligands
Ammonia
ammonia
Water
boiling
Boiling liquids
water
Congo Red
molybdates
air
Air
moisture
Moisture
molybdate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Unexpected Sequential NH3/H2O Solid/Gas Phase Ligand Exchange and Quasi-Intramolecular Self-Protonation Yield [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4], a Photocatalyst Misidentified before as (NH4)2Cu(MoO4)2 . / Sajó, I.; Bakos, László P.; Szilágyi, Imre M.; Lendvay, G.; Magyari, József; Mohai, M.; Szegedi, A.; Farkas, Attila; Jánosity, Anna; Klébert, Szilvia; Kótai, László.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 57, No. 21, 05.11.2018, p. 13679-13692.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sajó, I. ; Bakos, László P. ; Szilágyi, Imre M. ; Lendvay, G. ; Magyari, József ; Mohai, M. ; Szegedi, A. ; Farkas, Attila ; Jánosity, Anna ; Klébert, Szilvia ; Kótai, László. / Unexpected Sequential NH3/H2O Solid/Gas Phase Ligand Exchange and Quasi-Intramolecular Self-Protonation Yield [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4], a Photocatalyst Misidentified before as (NH4)2Cu(MoO4)2 In: Inorganic Chemistry. 2018 ; Vol. 57, No. 21. pp. 13679-13692.
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title = "Unexpected Sequential NH3/H2O Solid/Gas Phase Ligand Exchange and Quasi-Intramolecular Self-Protonation Yield [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4], a Photocatalyst Misidentified before as (NH4)2Cu(MoO4)2",
abstract = "[NH4Cu(OH)MoO4] as active photocatalyst in the decomposition of Congo Red when irradiated by UV or visible light has been prepared in an unusual ammonia/water ligand exchange reaction of [tetraamminecopper(II)] molybdate, [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4. [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4 was subjected to moisture of open air at room temperature. Light blue orthorhombic [Cu(NH3)(H2O)3]MoO4 was formed in 2 days as a result of an unexpected solid/gas phase ammonia-water ligand exchange reaction. This complex does not lose its last ammonia ligand on further standing in open air; however, a slow quasi-intramolecular (self)-protonation reaction takes place in 2-4 weeks, producing a yellowish-green microcrystalline material, which has been identified as a new compound, [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4], (a = 10,5306 {\AA}, b = 6.0871 {\AA}, c = 8.0148 {\AA}, β = 64,153°, C2, Z = 4). Mechanisms are proposed for both the sequential ligand exchange and the self-protonation reactions supported by ab initio quantum-chemical calculations and deuteration experiments as well. The [Cu(NH3)(H2O)3]MoO4 intermediate transforms into NH4Cu(OH)(H2O)2MoO4, which loses two waters and yields [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4]. Upon heating, both [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4 and [Cu(NH3)(H2O)3]MoO4 decompose, losing three NH3 and three H2O ligands, respectively, and stable [Cu(NH3)MoO4] is formed from both. The latter can partially be hydrated in boiling water into [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4. This compound can also be prepared in pure form by boiling the saturated aqueous solution of [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4. All properties of [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4] match those of the active photocatalyst described earlier in the literature under the formulas (NH4)2[Cu(MoO4)2] and (NH4)2Cu4(NH3)3Mo5O20.",
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T1 - Unexpected Sequential NH3/H2O Solid/Gas Phase Ligand Exchange and Quasi-Intramolecular Self-Protonation Yield [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4], a Photocatalyst Misidentified before as (NH4)2Cu(MoO4)2

AU - Sajó, I.

AU - Bakos, László P.

AU - Szilágyi, Imre M.

AU - Lendvay, G.

AU - Magyari, József

AU - Mohai, M.

AU - Szegedi, A.

AU - Farkas, Attila

AU - Jánosity, Anna

AU - Klébert, Szilvia

AU - Kótai, László

PY - 2018/11/5

Y1 - 2018/11/5

N2 - [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4] as active photocatalyst in the decomposition of Congo Red when irradiated by UV or visible light has been prepared in an unusual ammonia/water ligand exchange reaction of [tetraamminecopper(II)] molybdate, [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4. [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4 was subjected to moisture of open air at room temperature. Light blue orthorhombic [Cu(NH3)(H2O)3]MoO4 was formed in 2 days as a result of an unexpected solid/gas phase ammonia-water ligand exchange reaction. This complex does not lose its last ammonia ligand on further standing in open air; however, a slow quasi-intramolecular (self)-protonation reaction takes place in 2-4 weeks, producing a yellowish-green microcrystalline material, which has been identified as a new compound, [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4], (a = 10,5306 Å, b = 6.0871 Å, c = 8.0148 Å, β = 64,153°, C2, Z = 4). Mechanisms are proposed for both the sequential ligand exchange and the self-protonation reactions supported by ab initio quantum-chemical calculations and deuteration experiments as well. The [Cu(NH3)(H2O)3]MoO4 intermediate transforms into NH4Cu(OH)(H2O)2MoO4, which loses two waters and yields [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4]. Upon heating, both [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4 and [Cu(NH3)(H2O)3]MoO4 decompose, losing three NH3 and three H2O ligands, respectively, and stable [Cu(NH3)MoO4] is formed from both. The latter can partially be hydrated in boiling water into [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4. This compound can also be prepared in pure form by boiling the saturated aqueous solution of [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4. All properties of [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4] match those of the active photocatalyst described earlier in the literature under the formulas (NH4)2[Cu(MoO4)2] and (NH4)2Cu4(NH3)3Mo5O20.

AB - [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4] as active photocatalyst in the decomposition of Congo Red when irradiated by UV or visible light has been prepared in an unusual ammonia/water ligand exchange reaction of [tetraamminecopper(II)] molybdate, [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4. [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4 was subjected to moisture of open air at room temperature. Light blue orthorhombic [Cu(NH3)(H2O)3]MoO4 was formed in 2 days as a result of an unexpected solid/gas phase ammonia-water ligand exchange reaction. This complex does not lose its last ammonia ligand on further standing in open air; however, a slow quasi-intramolecular (self)-protonation reaction takes place in 2-4 weeks, producing a yellowish-green microcrystalline material, which has been identified as a new compound, [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4], (a = 10,5306 Å, b = 6.0871 Å, c = 8.0148 Å, β = 64,153°, C2, Z = 4). Mechanisms are proposed for both the sequential ligand exchange and the self-protonation reactions supported by ab initio quantum-chemical calculations and deuteration experiments as well. The [Cu(NH3)(H2O)3]MoO4 intermediate transforms into NH4Cu(OH)(H2O)2MoO4, which loses two waters and yields [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4]. Upon heating, both [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4 and [Cu(NH3)(H2O)3]MoO4 decompose, losing three NH3 and three H2O ligands, respectively, and stable [Cu(NH3)MoO4] is formed from both. The latter can partially be hydrated in boiling water into [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4. This compound can also be prepared in pure form by boiling the saturated aqueous solution of [Cu(NH3)4]MoO4. All properties of [NH4Cu(OH)MoO4] match those of the active photocatalyst described earlier in the literature under the formulas (NH4)2[Cu(MoO4)2] and (NH4)2Cu4(NH3)3Mo5O20.

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