Underground study of the O 17 (p, γ) F 18 reaction relevant for explosive hydrogen burning

A. Di Leva, D. A. Scott, A. Caciolli, A. Formicola, F. Strieder, M. Aliotta, M. Anders, D. Bemmerer, C. Broggini, P. Corvisiero, Z. Elekes, Zs Fülöp, G. Gervino, A. Guglielmetti, C. Gustavino, Gy Gyürky, G. Imbriani, J. José, M. Junker, M. LaubensteinR. Menegazzo, E. Napolitani, P. Prati, V. Rigato, V. Roca, E. Somorjai, C. Salvo, O. Straniero, T. Szücs, F. Terrasi, D. Trezzi

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Background: The O17(p,γ)F18 reaction affects the production of key isotopes (e.g., F18 and O18) in the explosive hydrogen burning that powers classical novae. Under these explosive conditions, the reaction rate is dominated by contributions from a narrow resonance at Ec.m.=183keV and by the combined contributions of direct capture and low-energy tails of broad resonances. At present, the astrophysical reaction rate is not well constrained because of the lack of data in the energy region appropriate to classical novae. Purpose: This study aims at the measurement of the O17(p,γ)F18 reaction cross section in order to determine its reaction rate in the temperature region appropriate to explosive hydrogen burning in novae. Method: The O17(p,γ)F18 reaction cross section was measured using both the prompt detection of the emitted γ rays and an activation technique. Measurements were carried out at the Laboratory for Underground Nuclear Astrophysics (Gran Sasso, Italy) where the strongly reduced cosmic-ray-induced background allows for improved sensitivity compared to previous studies. Results: The O17(p,γ)F18 reaction cross section was measured in the range Ec.m.=160 to 370keV. The strength of the Ec.m.=183keV resonance, ωγ=1. 67±0.12μeV, was determined with unprecedented precision. The total S factor was obtained through a combined fit of prompt γ-ray and activation results. An overall global fit including other existing data sets was also carried out and a recommended astrophysical reaction rate is presented. Conclusions: The reaction rate uncertainty attained in this work is now below the required precision for nova models. We verified, following a full set of hydrodynamic nova models, that the abundances of oxygen and fluorine isotopes obtained with the present reaction rate are determined with 10% precision and put firmer constraints on observational signatures of novae events.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015803
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 21 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Di Leva, A., Scott, D. A., Caciolli, A., Formicola, A., Strieder, F., Aliotta, M., Anders, M., Bemmerer, D., Broggini, C., Corvisiero, P., Elekes, Z., Fülöp, Z., Gervino, G., Guglielmetti, A., Gustavino, C., Gyürky, G., Imbriani, G., José, J., Junker, M., ... Trezzi, D. (2014). Underground study of the O 17 (p, γ) F 18 reaction relevant for explosive hydrogen burning. Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics, 89(1), [015803]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.89.015803