Uncommon presentation of a rare tumour - incidental finding in an asymptomatic patient: Case report and comprehensive review of the literature on intrapericardial solitary fibrous tumours

Csilla Czimbalmos, Ibolya Csecs, Miklos Polos, Elektra Bartha, Nikolette Szucs, Attila Toth, Pal Maurovich-Horvat, David Becker, Zoltan Sapi, Zoltan Szabolcs, Bela Merkely, Hajnalka Vago

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A solitary fibrous tumour is a rare, mainly benign spindle cell mesenchymal tumour most commonly originating from the pleura. An intrapericardial location of a solitary fibrous tumour is extremely unusual. We present a case of an asymptomatic patient with a slow-growing massive benign cardiac solitary fibrous tumour. Case presentation: A 37-year-old asymptomatic female patient was referred to our hospital with an enlarged cardiac silhouette found on her screening chest X-ray. The echocardiographic examination revealed pericardial effusion and an inhomogeneous mobile mass located in the pericardial sac around the left ventricle. Cardiac magnetic resonance (MRI) examination showed an intrapericardial, semilunar-shaped mass attached to the pulmonary trunk with an intermediate signal intensity on proton density-weighted images and high signal intensity on T2-weighted spectral fat saturation inversion recovery images. First-pass perfusion and early and late gadolinium-enhanced images showed a vascularized mass with septated, patchy, inhomogeneous late enhancement. Coronary computed tomography angiography revealed no invasion of the coronaries. Based on the retrospectively analysed screening chest X-rays, the mass had started to form at least 7 years earlier. Complete resection of the tumour with partial resection of the pulmonary trunk was performed. Histological evaluation of the septated, cystic mass revealed tumour cells forming an irregular patternless pattern; immunohistochemically, the cells tested positive for vimentin, CD34, CD99 and STAT6 but negative for keratin (AE1-AE3), CD31 and S100. Thus, the diagnosis of an intrapericardial solitary fibrous tumour was established. There has been no recurrence for 3 years based on the regular MRI follow-up. Conclusion: Intrapericardial SFTs, showing slow growth dynamics, can present with massive extent even in completely asymptomatic patients. MRI is exceedingly useful for characterizing intrapericardial masses, allowing precise surgical planning, and is reliable for long-term follow up.

Original languageEnglish
Article number612
JournalBMC cancer
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2 2017

Keywords

  • Case report
  • Intrapericardial localization
  • Long term follow-up
  • Multimodality imaging
  • Solitary fibrous tumour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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