Uncatalyzed reactions of 4,4′-diphenylmethane-diisocyanate with polymer polyols as revealed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry

Tibor Nagy, Borbála Antal, Anita Dékány-Adamoczky, J. Karger-Kocsis, M. Zsuga, S. Kéki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The uncatalyzed reactions of polyols including polypropylene glycol (PPG, Mn = 2000 g mol-1), polytetrahydrofuran (PTHF, Mn = 1000 g mol-1), poly(ϵ-caprolactone)-diol (PCLD, Mn = 2000 g mol-1) and polypropylene glycol glycerol triether (PPG-GL, Mn = 1000 g mol-1) with 4,4′-diphenylmethane-diisocyanate (MDI) were studied using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The reactions between these polyols and MDI were monitored in time and first-order consecutive reaction kinetics for the formations of polyols end-capped with MDI units were established. The fractional MALDI-TOF MS intensities obtained for the different polymer series at various reaction times were converted into molar fractions versus time data by means of the estimated relative MALDI-TOF MS response factors from which the corresponding rate constants and the relative reactivities of the hydroxyl groups of polyols were determined. It was found that the pseudo first-order rate constants for the polyol-MDI reaction decreased in the order of PCLD > PTHF > PPG ≈ PPG-GL. It was also ascertained that the reactivity of the unreacted hydroxyl groups of the diols does not change significantly after the first one has reacted. On the contrary, in the case of PPG-GL it was found that the reactions of the hydroxyl groups with MDI proceed faster after any of the three hydroxyl groups has reacted, suggesting a positive substitution effect for this system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47023-47032
Number of pages10
JournalRSC Advances
Volume6
Issue number52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Polyols
Ionization
Mass spectrometry
Desorption
Polymers
Hydroxyl Radical
Lasers
Glycols
Polypropylenes
Rate constants
Glycerol
Reaction kinetics
Substitution reactions
polyol
4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate
polypropylene glycol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Uncatalyzed reactions of 4,4′-diphenylmethane-diisocyanate with polymer polyols as revealed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. / Nagy, Tibor; Antal, Borbála; Dékány-Adamoczky, Anita; Karger-Kocsis, J.; Zsuga, M.; Kéki, S.

In: RSC Advances, Vol. 6, No. 52, 2016, p. 47023-47032.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Nagy, Tibor

AU - Antal, Borbála

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AU - Karger-Kocsis, J.

AU - Zsuga, M.

AU - Kéki, S.

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N2 - The uncatalyzed reactions of polyols including polypropylene glycol (PPG, Mn = 2000 g mol-1), polytetrahydrofuran (PTHF, Mn = 1000 g mol-1), poly(ϵ-caprolactone)-diol (PCLD, Mn = 2000 g mol-1) and polypropylene glycol glycerol triether (PPG-GL, Mn = 1000 g mol-1) with 4,4′-diphenylmethane-diisocyanate (MDI) were studied using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The reactions between these polyols and MDI were monitored in time and first-order consecutive reaction kinetics for the formations of polyols end-capped with MDI units were established. The fractional MALDI-TOF MS intensities obtained for the different polymer series at various reaction times were converted into molar fractions versus time data by means of the estimated relative MALDI-TOF MS response factors from which the corresponding rate constants and the relative reactivities of the hydroxyl groups of polyols were determined. It was found that the pseudo first-order rate constants for the polyol-MDI reaction decreased in the order of PCLD > PTHF > PPG ≈ PPG-GL. It was also ascertained that the reactivity of the unreacted hydroxyl groups of the diols does not change significantly after the first one has reacted. On the contrary, in the case of PPG-GL it was found that the reactions of the hydroxyl groups with MDI proceed faster after any of the three hydroxyl groups has reacted, suggesting a positive substitution effect for this system.

AB - The uncatalyzed reactions of polyols including polypropylene glycol (PPG, Mn = 2000 g mol-1), polytetrahydrofuran (PTHF, Mn = 1000 g mol-1), poly(ϵ-caprolactone)-diol (PCLD, Mn = 2000 g mol-1) and polypropylene glycol glycerol triether (PPG-GL, Mn = 1000 g mol-1) with 4,4′-diphenylmethane-diisocyanate (MDI) were studied using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The reactions between these polyols and MDI were monitored in time and first-order consecutive reaction kinetics for the formations of polyols end-capped with MDI units were established. The fractional MALDI-TOF MS intensities obtained for the different polymer series at various reaction times were converted into molar fractions versus time data by means of the estimated relative MALDI-TOF MS response factors from which the corresponding rate constants and the relative reactivities of the hydroxyl groups of polyols were determined. It was found that the pseudo first-order rate constants for the polyol-MDI reaction decreased in the order of PCLD > PTHF > PPG ≈ PPG-GL. It was also ascertained that the reactivity of the unreacted hydroxyl groups of the diols does not change significantly after the first one has reacted. On the contrary, in the case of PPG-GL it was found that the reactions of the hydroxyl groups with MDI proceed faster after any of the three hydroxyl groups has reacted, suggesting a positive substitution effect for this system.

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