Ultrastructure and composition of thrombi in coronary and peripheral artery disease: Correlations with clinical and laboratory findings

András Kovács, Péter Sótonyi, Anikó Ilona Nagy, Kiril Tenekedjiev, Nikolett Wohner, Erzsébet Komorowicz, Eszter Kovács, Natalia Nikolova, László Szabó, Ilona Kovalszky, Raymund MacHovich, Zsolt Szelid, David Becker, Béla Merkely, Krasimir Kolev

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction Fibrin structure and cellular composition of thrombi profoundly affect the clinical outcomes in ischemic coronary and peripheral artery disease. Our study addressed the interrelations of structural features of thrombi and routinely measured laboratory parameters. Materials and methods Thrombi removed by thromboaspiration following acute myocardial infarction (n = 101) or thrombendarterectomy of peripheral arteries (n = 50) were processed by scanning electron microscopy and immunostaining for fibrin and platelet antigen GPIIb/IIIa to determine fibrin fibre diameter and relative occupancy by fibrin and cells. Correlations between the structural characteristics and selected clinical parameters (age, sex, vascular localization, blood cell counts, ECG findings, antiplatelet medication, accompanying diseases, smoking) were assessed. Results We observed significant differences in mean fibre diameter (122 vs. 135 nm), fibrin content (70.5% vs. 83.9%), fluorescent fibrin/platelet coverage ratio (0.18 vs. 1.06) between coronary and peripheral thrombi. Coronary thrombi from smokers contained more fibrin than non-smokers (78.1% vs. 62.2% mean occupancy). In the initial 24 h, fibrin content of coronary thrombi decreased with time, whereas in peripheral thrombi platelet content increased in the first 7 days. In coronaries, higher platelet content and smaller vessel diameter were associated with thinner fibrin fibres, whereas hematocrit higher than 0.35 correlated with larger intrathrombotic platelet occupancy. Smoking and dyslipidaemia strengthened the dependence of clot platelet content on systemic platelet count (the adjusted determination coefficient increased from 0.33 to 0.43 and 0.65, respectively). Conclusion Easily accessible clinical parameters could be identified as significant determinants of ultrastructure and composition of coronary and peripheral thrombi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)760-766
Number of pages7
JournalThrombosis research
Volume135
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Fibrin
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Platelet
  • Thrombus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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