Ultrasonographic study of feline lower urinary tract diseases: 32 cases

K. Vörös, S. Wladár, Ágnes Marsi, T. Vrabély, B. Fenyves, T. Németh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of the study was to describe the ultrasonographic findings of urinary bladder urolithiasis and to determine the diagnostic value of the technique in feline lower urinary tract diseases (LUTD). Physical examination of the urinary system and routine clinicopathological analysis of the blood and urine were performed on 32 cats presented with clinical symptoms of LUTD. Cystosonography was done on all of the cats, while plain radiography was performed on 8 and double contrast cystography on 2 cats. Sonography of the bladder provided the following diagnoses: urolithiasis and chronic cystitis: 24 cases, chronic cystitis without urolithiasis: 4 cases, bladder neoplasm; 1 case, negative sonographic finding: 3 cases. Bladder calculi and/or plugs were diagnosed easily, up to a size of 2 mm, according to acoustic shadowing and/or reverberation and gravitation. When the bladder was empty, it was filled up with physiologic saline solution to visualise its contents more easily. Sonography proved to be a useful technique for diagnosing urinary bladder calculi and/or plugs even when they were radiolucent and for distinguishing among the different causes of LUTD. Although ultrasonography is a valuable diagnostic tool, radiography is still necessary to explore lower urinary tract diseases, especially when cystosonography provides negative results or urethral obstruction is suspected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-395
Number of pages9
JournalActa Veterinaria Hungarica
Volume45
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Fingerprint

urinary tract diseases
Urologic Diseases
Felidae
bladder
Urolithiasis
bladder calculi
ultrasonography
cats
Urinary Bladder Calculi
cystitis
Ultrasonography
Urinary Bladder
Cats
Cystitis
radiography
Radiography
Urethral Obstruction
urinary calculi
urinalysis
hematologic tests

Keywords

  • Bladder
  • Cat
  • Lower urinary tract disease
  • Ultrasound
  • Urolithiasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Vörös, K., Wladár, S., Marsi, Á., Vrabély, T., Fenyves, B., & Németh, T. (1997). Ultrasonographic study of feline lower urinary tract diseases: 32 cases. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, 45(4), 387-395.

Ultrasonographic study of feline lower urinary tract diseases : 32 cases. / Vörös, K.; Wladár, S.; Marsi, Ágnes; Vrabély, T.; Fenyves, B.; Németh, T.

In: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, Vol. 45, No. 4, 1997, p. 387-395.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vörös, K, Wladár, S, Marsi, Á, Vrabély, T, Fenyves, B & Németh, T 1997, 'Ultrasonographic study of feline lower urinary tract diseases: 32 cases', Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 387-395.
Vörös K, Wladár S, Marsi Á, Vrabély T, Fenyves B, Németh T. Ultrasonographic study of feline lower urinary tract diseases: 32 cases. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica. 1997;45(4):387-395.
Vörös, K. ; Wladár, S. ; Marsi, Ágnes ; Vrabély, T. ; Fenyves, B. ; Németh, T. / Ultrasonographic study of feline lower urinary tract diseases : 32 cases. In: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica. 1997 ; Vol. 45, No. 4. pp. 387-395.
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