Purpose. Review and analysis of ultrasonographic data of patients with endophthalmitis following cataract surgery.Patients and methods. We conducted a retrospective analysis of data and ultrasound findings of 81 patients with endophthalmitis following cataract surgery between 2000 and 2005. We evaluated the type of surgery, time of onset of endophthalmitis, and different ultrasonographic findings. Results. During the study period, acute endophthalmitis following cataract surgery developed in 41 eyes, subacute endophthalmitis in 25 eyes, and late-developing endophthalmitis in 20 eyes. In 51% of the cases, the endophthalmitis occurred after the phacoemulsification method. Ultrasonographic findings such as membrane formation were found in 23 eyes (28%), and dense vitreous opacities were detected in nine eyes. Posterior wall thickness was measured in 73 eyes. Two initial echography findings were associated with acute and subacute endophthalmitis: dense vitreous opacities and detachment of the posterior vitreous limiting membrane. Conclusion. Ultrasonographic findings such as increased thickness of the posterior wall and dense organization of the vitreous can be useful in the clinical evaluation, prediction, and treatment of postoperative endophthalmitis.
- Cataract surgery
- Detachment of posterior vitreous
- Thickness of posterior wall
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