An alkylating tetrapeptide enkephalin derivative, Tyr-D-Ala-Gly-(Me)Phe-chloromethyl ketone (DAMK) was synthesized, and its binding characteristics on rat brain membranes were evaluated. In competition experiments, the product shows high affinity for the mu opioid binding site of the rat brain membranes, whereas its binding to the delta and kappa subtypes is weak. Micromolar concentrations of this ligand produce a dose-dependent, apparently irreversible inhibition of /3H/-naloxone binding, with apparent IC50 value of 1-5 uM. Neither reversibly binding opioids nor tosyl-amino acid chloromethyl ketones show these effects. Saturation binding analysis with /3H/-naloxone of membranes preincubated with Tyr-D-Ala-Gly-(Me)Phe-CH2Cl reveal a selective and irreversible inhibition of the high affinity /3H/-naloxone binding site. Irreversible blockade of mu-selective /3H/-ligand binding by Tyr-D-Ala-Gly-(Me)Phe-CH2Cl is much more effective than that of the binding of /3H/-enkephalin or /3H/-ethylketocyclazocine. The mu-selective binding properties of this new irreversible enkephalin analogue suggest that it could serve as an affinity label for the mu opioid receptor subtype.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience