Two-wavelength Raman study of poly(ethylene terephthalate) surfaces modified by helium plasma-based ion implantation

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Abstract

The surface of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) was modified by helium plasma-based ion implantation (He PBII). The untreated and surface modified samples were characterised with optical absorption spectroscopy and two-wavelength micro-Raman spectroscopy excited with 488 nm and 785 nm light sources, allowing to examine the chemical bonding configuration of the surface layers on different depths and by selective enhancement of vibrations of different structural units. Upon treatment, simultaneously with the development of the broad D and G bands, a gradual decrease of the peaks corresponding to the CC stretching and CO stretching modes were observed with both excitations. Downshifting and broadening were detected for the CC peak with both excitations and also for the CO peak with the 488 nm excitation due to formation of condensed aromatic rings. Oppositely, upshifting was found with 785 nm excitation for the CO peak and especially for its broad shoulder newly developed at the high wavenumber side. The latter feature was assigned to CO groups attached to polymer chains without conjugation and the bands behaviour was interpreted by breaking of the CC bonds of the polymer, leading to the formation of a crosslinked, disordered and stressed structure with still intact CO groups, due to the increased nuclear damage at the end of the ion track.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-429
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume263
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2012

Fingerprint

Helium
Polyethylene Terephthalates
Carbon Monoxide
Ion implantation
Polyethylene terephthalates
Plasmas
Wavelength
Stretching
Polymers
Absorption spectroscopy
Light absorption
Light sources
Raman spectroscopy
Ions

Keywords

  • Plasma-based ion implantation
  • Poly(ethylene terephthalate)
  • Two-wavelength micro-Raman spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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title = "Two-wavelength Raman study of poly(ethylene terephthalate) surfaces modified by helium plasma-based ion implantation",
abstract = "The surface of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) was modified by helium plasma-based ion implantation (He PBII). The untreated and surface modified samples were characterised with optical absorption spectroscopy and two-wavelength micro-Raman spectroscopy excited with 488 nm and 785 nm light sources, allowing to examine the chemical bonding configuration of the surface layers on different depths and by selective enhancement of vibrations of different structural units. Upon treatment, simultaneously with the development of the broad D and G bands, a gradual decrease of the peaks corresponding to the CC stretching and CO stretching modes were observed with both excitations. Downshifting and broadening were detected for the CC peak with both excitations and also for the CO peak with the 488 nm excitation due to formation of condensed aromatic rings. Oppositely, upshifting was found with 785 nm excitation for the CO peak and especially for its broad shoulder newly developed at the high wavenumber side. The latter feature was assigned to CO groups attached to polymer chains without conjugation and the bands behaviour was interpreted by breaking of the CC bonds of the polymer, leading to the formation of a crosslinked, disordered and stressed structure with still intact CO groups, due to the increased nuclear damage at the end of the ion track.",
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author = "M. Veres and A. T{\'o}th and M. Mohai and I. Bert{\'o}ti and J. Sz{\'e}pv{\"o}lgyi and S. T{\'o}th and L. Himics and M. Ko{\'o}s",
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AU - Veres, M.

AU - Tóth, A.

AU - Mohai, M.

AU - Bertóti, I.

AU - Szépvölgyi, J.

AU - Tóth, S.

AU - Himics, L.

AU - Koós, M.

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N2 - The surface of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) was modified by helium plasma-based ion implantation (He PBII). The untreated and surface modified samples were characterised with optical absorption spectroscopy and two-wavelength micro-Raman spectroscopy excited with 488 nm and 785 nm light sources, allowing to examine the chemical bonding configuration of the surface layers on different depths and by selective enhancement of vibrations of different structural units. Upon treatment, simultaneously with the development of the broad D and G bands, a gradual decrease of the peaks corresponding to the CC stretching and CO stretching modes were observed with both excitations. Downshifting and broadening were detected for the CC peak with both excitations and also for the CO peak with the 488 nm excitation due to formation of condensed aromatic rings. Oppositely, upshifting was found with 785 nm excitation for the CO peak and especially for its broad shoulder newly developed at the high wavenumber side. The latter feature was assigned to CO groups attached to polymer chains without conjugation and the bands behaviour was interpreted by breaking of the CC bonds of the polymer, leading to the formation of a crosslinked, disordered and stressed structure with still intact CO groups, due to the increased nuclear damage at the end of the ion track.

AB - The surface of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) was modified by helium plasma-based ion implantation (He PBII). The untreated and surface modified samples were characterised with optical absorption spectroscopy and two-wavelength micro-Raman spectroscopy excited with 488 nm and 785 nm light sources, allowing to examine the chemical bonding configuration of the surface layers on different depths and by selective enhancement of vibrations of different structural units. Upon treatment, simultaneously with the development of the broad D and G bands, a gradual decrease of the peaks corresponding to the CC stretching and CO stretching modes were observed with both excitations. Downshifting and broadening were detected for the CC peak with both excitations and also for the CO peak with the 488 nm excitation due to formation of condensed aromatic rings. Oppositely, upshifting was found with 785 nm excitation for the CO peak and especially for its broad shoulder newly developed at the high wavenumber side. The latter feature was assigned to CO groups attached to polymer chains without conjugation and the bands behaviour was interpreted by breaking of the CC bonds of the polymer, leading to the formation of a crosslinked, disordered and stressed structure with still intact CO groups, due to the increased nuclear damage at the end of the ion track.

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