Low- and high-affinity binding sites for cyclic GMP were found to be associated with the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (ATP: protein phosphotransferase, EC 18.104.22.168) from human tonsillar lymphocytes, but neither of them was identical with the cyclic AMP binding site. The enzyme activated by cyclic GMP phosphorylated the same site of calf thymus H2b histone as the cyclic AMP activated enzyme; however, more complex kinetics of activation were found with cyclic GMP. Two classes of cyclic GMP binding site were demonstrated by kinetic analysis of cyclic [3H]GMP binding in the enzyme preparations eluted by 0.1 M potassium phosphate (pH 7.0) from DEAE cellulose. The high-affinity cyclic GMP binding site (Kd about 44 · 10-8 M belonged to some complex form of the protein kinase, as evidenced by the mutual inhibition of cyclic AMP binding and high affinity cyclic GMP binding. However, the high-affinity cyclic GMP binding site disappeared on Sephadex G-100 gel chromatography of the enzyme preparation, whereas the cyclic AMP binding activity was recovered quantitively as separate fractions. The low-affinity cyclic GMP binding site (Kd 2-5 · 10-6 M) was demonstrated by the inhibitory effect of 10-5 M cyclic GMP on cyclic AMP binding in each cyclic AMP binding fraction obtained by gel chromatography. However, cyclic AMP did not inhibit the binding of cyclic GMP to the low-affinity binding site.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology