The finite phase transition temperature, TN, of quasi two-dimensional (2D) Heisenberg antiferromagnetic (AF) crystals results from in-plane anisotropy or coupling between layers. It is usually not known which is the determining factor when both are weak. We show by an electron spin resonance experiment that in the quasi 2D antiferromagnetic crystal, κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl, TN is determined by in-plane anisotropy while interlayer coupling plays a minor role. The compound has a large isotropic Heisenberg exchange interaction between sites with S = 1=2 spins. The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction is the main source of anisotropy, while in-plane anisotropy and the interlayer coupling are very weak. The external-field field-induced static and fluctuating AF magnetizations are independent in adjacent layers above the (zero-field) ordering temperature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)