Two-dimensional density and density fluctuation diagnostic for the edge plasma in fusion devices

S. Zoletnik, G. Petravich, A. Bencze, M. Berta, S. Fiedler, K. McCormick, J. Schweinzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A technique is described for the two-dimensional measurement of electron density profile and fluctuations in edge regions of magnetically confined fusion plasmas. The method is based on existing lithium beam beam emission spectroscopy technique, two-dimensional resolution is achieved by electrostatically scanning the beam. If scanning is performed faster than the lifetime of the turbulent structures in the plasma, the diagnostic is capable of measuring the structure of electron density fluctuations as well. The beam strength of currently available beams makes the detection of single fluctuation events impossible, but the full two-dimensional spatial structure of correlations can still be determined. The article describes the technique and fast beam deflection tests up to 250 kHz. The capabilities of such a diagnostic for fluctuation measurement are explored by simulating measurement signals. Measurement of both the two-dimensional density profile, fluctuation correlation function and poloidal flow velocity are demonstrated at the Wendelstein 7-AS stellarator. The shape of the density profile, the radial and poloidal correlation lengths and the flow velocity are in agreement with expectations and previous Langmuir probe measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number073504
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume76
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005

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Fusion reactions
fusion
Plasmas
Flow velocity
Carrier concentration
Scanning
flow velocity
Langmuir probes
Emission spectroscopy
signal measurement
dimensional measurement
scanning
electron density profiles
stellarators
electrostatic probes
profiles
Lithium
deflection
lithium
life (durability)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Two-dimensional density and density fluctuation diagnostic for the edge plasma in fusion devices. / Zoletnik, S.; Petravich, G.; Bencze, A.; Berta, M.; Fiedler, S.; McCormick, K.; Schweinzer, J.

In: Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 76, No. 7, 073504, 07.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zoletnik, S. ; Petravich, G. ; Bencze, A. ; Berta, M. ; Fiedler, S. ; McCormick, K. ; Schweinzer, J. / Two-dimensional density and density fluctuation diagnostic for the edge plasma in fusion devices. In: Review of Scientific Instruments. 2005 ; Vol. 76, No. 7.
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