A kétdimenziós és az M-mód kvalitatív és kvantitatív echokardiográfia alkalmazása lovakban: Irodalmi összefoglaló és saját tapasztalatok

Translated title of the contribution: Two-dimensional and M-mode qualitative and quantitative echocardiography in the horse. Literature review and own experiences

Zoltán Bakos, Károly Vörös, Nándor Tóth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The study describes the principles and methods of equine qualitative and quantitative two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiography. Beside the review of the literature, the authors also present their own experiences. They demonstrate the imaging technique and the standardized examination, using figures and echocardiograms. During the examination, the first step is the two-dimensional echocardiography in the right 4th intercostal space, when the heart is imaged in its totality, the cardiac motion and the different structures are evaluated. Long axis (longitudinal) and short axis (transversal) views are used in this phase (Figure 2-9). After that, from the short axis view, two-dimensional echocardiogram guided M-mode images are obtained. The cardiac measurements are performed in this modality using synchronous electrocardiography. Two-dimensional echocardiograms are obtained from the left 3rd to 5th intercostal spaces when the entire heart can not be completely displayed from the right hemithorax or when left-sided murmurs are detected, or also when any other findings prompt the evaluation from the left hemithorax. Both long and short axis views are used (Figure 10-15) similarly to the right-sided examinations.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)22-30
Number of pages9
JournalMagyar Allatorvosok Lapja
Volume126
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004

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echocardiography
Horses
Echocardiography
heart
horses
electrocardiography
Electrocardiography
image analysis
methodology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "The study describes the principles and methods of equine qualitative and quantitative two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiography. Beside the review of the literature, the authors also present their own experiences. They demonstrate the imaging technique and the standardized examination, using figures and echocardiograms. During the examination, the first step is the two-dimensional echocardiography in the right 4th intercostal space, when the heart is imaged in its totality, the cardiac motion and the different structures are evaluated. Long axis (longitudinal) and short axis (transversal) views are used in this phase (Figure 2-9). After that, from the short axis view, two-dimensional echocardiogram guided M-mode images are obtained. The cardiac measurements are performed in this modality using synchronous electrocardiography. Two-dimensional echocardiograms are obtained from the left 3rd to 5th intercostal spaces when the entire heart can not be completely displayed from the right hemithorax or when left-sided murmurs are detected, or also when any other findings prompt the evaluation from the left hemithorax. Both long and short axis views are used (Figure 10-15) similarly to the right-sided examinations.",
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AU - Tóth, Nándor

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