According to recent data, the involvement of autophagy in tumor development is unquestionable. Nevertheless, cell-derived pathogen/danger-associated molecular pattern (PAMP/DAMP)-sensing Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are also able to contribute to tumorigenesis and immune escape of malignantly transformed cells. Besides immunocompetent cells, several types of tumors also exhibit TLRs. TLR- and autophagy-related signaling pathways, on the other hand, may evolve anti-tumor effects in a context dependent cell- and microenvironment-specific mode. Nowadays, the autophagy machinery has been considered as a crucial homeostatic process of eukaryotic cells, and as essential constituent of the immune system influencing antimicrobial and inflammation-related immune responses. Accumulating evidence indicates that TLRs and autophagy are interdependent in response to PAMPs and DAMPs, in addition there is a bi-directional controling cross-modulation between them. Regarding personalized medicine, theoretically, it is reasonable that manipulation of the TLR-autophagy regulatory loop might be adaptable for anti-cancer therapy.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2 2016|
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