Tumor necrosis factor-α receptor expression correlates with mucosal changes and biofilm presence in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis

T. Karosi, Péter Csomor, I. Sziklai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis: Biofilms might play a potential role in the pathogenesis and high recurrence rate of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). Biofilm persistence has been thought to correlate with epithelial damage, subepithelial inflammatory cell infiltration, and tumor necrosis factor-α receptor (TNFR) expression in CRSwNP. Study Design: Case-control experimental study. Methods: A total of 36 patients with CRSwNP undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery were analyzed. The negative control group consisted of eight patients undergoing septoplasty for nasal obstruction without CRSwNP. The nasal polyps and inferior turbinate mucosa samples applied as negative controls were processed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Gram staining and TNFR-I and TNFR-II-specific immunofluorescent assay. Results: Biofilm was detected in 29 of 36 patients with CRSwNP and in none of the eight negative controls. Staining by HE showed strong correlation with the results of Gram staining protocol. In the biofilm-positive cases, TNFR-I and TNFR-II displayed homogeneous pattern of significantly increased epithelial expression compared to the biofilm-negative nasal polyps. In cases of biofilm absence, the expression pattern of TNF-α receptors was characterized by increased TNFR-II-specific immunoreaction. It was found that biofilm detectability corresponded to the integrity of nasal epithelium and to the dominant inflammatory cell type of the subepithelial layer. Conclusions: Persisting biofilms might increase the epithelial sensitivity against TNF-α that result in epithelium destruction. Coexistence of biofilms and increased TNFR expression might explain the inflammatory mucosal changes, functional disorders, and therapy resistance featuring CRSwNP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)504-510
Number of pages7
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume122
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

Fingerprint

Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptors
Biofilms
Nose
Nasal Polyps
Hematoxylin
Eosine Yellowish-(YS)
Staining and Labeling
Turbinates
Nasal Obstruction
Nasal Mucosa
Case-Control Studies
Mucous Membrane
Epithelium
Recurrence
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Biofilm
  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • Level of Evidence: 3b.
  • nasal polyps
  • tumor necrosis factor-α receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

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abstract = "Objectives/Hypothesis: Biofilms might play a potential role in the pathogenesis and high recurrence rate of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). Biofilm persistence has been thought to correlate with epithelial damage, subepithelial inflammatory cell infiltration, and tumor necrosis factor-α receptor (TNFR) expression in CRSwNP. Study Design: Case-control experimental study. Methods: A total of 36 patients with CRSwNP undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery were analyzed. The negative control group consisted of eight patients undergoing septoplasty for nasal obstruction without CRSwNP. The nasal polyps and inferior turbinate mucosa samples applied as negative controls were processed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Gram staining and TNFR-I and TNFR-II-specific immunofluorescent assay. Results: Biofilm was detected in 29 of 36 patients with CRSwNP and in none of the eight negative controls. Staining by HE showed strong correlation with the results of Gram staining protocol. In the biofilm-positive cases, TNFR-I and TNFR-II displayed homogeneous pattern of significantly increased epithelial expression compared to the biofilm-negative nasal polyps. In cases of biofilm absence, the expression pattern of TNF-α receptors was characterized by increased TNFR-II-specific immunoreaction. It was found that biofilm detectability corresponded to the integrity of nasal epithelium and to the dominant inflammatory cell type of the subepithelial layer. Conclusions: Persisting biofilms might increase the epithelial sensitivity against TNF-α that result in epithelium destruction. Coexistence of biofilms and increased TNFR expression might explain the inflammatory mucosal changes, functional disorders, and therapy resistance featuring CRSwNP.",
keywords = "Biofilm, chronic rhinosinusitis, Level of Evidence: 3b., nasal polyps, tumor necrosis factor-α receptors",
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T1 - Tumor necrosis factor-α receptor expression correlates with mucosal changes and biofilm presence in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis

AU - Karosi, T.

AU - Csomor, Péter

AU - Sziklai, I.

PY - 2012/3

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N2 - Objectives/Hypothesis: Biofilms might play a potential role in the pathogenesis and high recurrence rate of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). Biofilm persistence has been thought to correlate with epithelial damage, subepithelial inflammatory cell infiltration, and tumor necrosis factor-α receptor (TNFR) expression in CRSwNP. Study Design: Case-control experimental study. Methods: A total of 36 patients with CRSwNP undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery were analyzed. The negative control group consisted of eight patients undergoing septoplasty for nasal obstruction without CRSwNP. The nasal polyps and inferior turbinate mucosa samples applied as negative controls were processed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Gram staining and TNFR-I and TNFR-II-specific immunofluorescent assay. Results: Biofilm was detected in 29 of 36 patients with CRSwNP and in none of the eight negative controls. Staining by HE showed strong correlation with the results of Gram staining protocol. In the biofilm-positive cases, TNFR-I and TNFR-II displayed homogeneous pattern of significantly increased epithelial expression compared to the biofilm-negative nasal polyps. In cases of biofilm absence, the expression pattern of TNF-α receptors was characterized by increased TNFR-II-specific immunoreaction. It was found that biofilm detectability corresponded to the integrity of nasal epithelium and to the dominant inflammatory cell type of the subepithelial layer. Conclusions: Persisting biofilms might increase the epithelial sensitivity against TNF-α that result in epithelium destruction. Coexistence of biofilms and increased TNFR expression might explain the inflammatory mucosal changes, functional disorders, and therapy resistance featuring CRSwNP.

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