Trunk position influences joint activation pattern and physical performance during vertical jumping

B. Kopper, D. Ureczky, J. Tihanyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)


Eight well-trained males carried out squat jump and countermovement jump with large (SJL and CMJL) and with small (SJS and CMJS) range of motion to study the influence of trunk position on joint recruitment pattern and jumping height. The main criteria in SJS and CMJS were to maintain trunk in near vertical position during execution. Joint angles, activation time, time at maximum joint velocity for ankle joint, knee joint and hip joint, vertical propulsion time and jumping height were determined using film analysis. The joint activation followed proximal to distal pattern in CMJL, SJL and CMJS, but the pattern was reversed in SJS. The ratio of active state and vertical propulsion time was similar for all joints (63.1 and 72.8%) in CMJL, SJL and CMJS except in SJS where the ratio was significantly less for hip (46.9%) and knee (51.9%). The difference between CMJL and SJL in jumping height was 6.9 ± 2.8 cm which is significantly less than that between CMJS and SJS (14.5 ± 5.3 cm). We concluded that knee joint and hip joint muscles could not contribute to the positive work during the push-off phase when the range of motion is small, the trunk is vertical and the activation level of the muscles is low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-205
Number of pages12
JournalActa physiologica Hungarica
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2012


  • Activation time
  • Active state
  • Angular velocity
  • Inter-muscular coordination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)

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