Trichoderma atroviride mutants with enhanced production of cellulase and β-glucosidase on pretreated willow

Krisztina Kovács, László Megyeri, G. Szakács, Christian P. Kubicek, Mats Galbe, Guido Zacchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trichoderma atroviride mutants were developed by using N-methyl-N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (NTG) treatment and UV-light followed by a semiquantitative plate clearing assay on Walseth-cellulose/agar plates. The parent strain of the mutants was an isolate from the Amazonas basin (TUB F-1505), whose identity was established by ITS 1 and 2 and tef1 gene sequence analysis. Strain F-1505 proved to be the most promising extracellular cellulase producer among 150 wild-type Trichoderma in a screening program performed in shake flask fermentation on pretreated willow. Reducing sugar content, soluble protein, filter paper cellulase activity (FPA), β-glucosidase activity and endoglucanase activity of the fermentation broths of the mutant strains were measured in both shake flask and lab-scale fermenters and compared with Trichoderma reesei Rut C30. Also, hydrolytic capacities of fermentation supernatants of T. reesei Rut C30, the parent strain (F-1505) and the best mutants were compared on pretreated willow as carbon source and hydrolysis substrate. The T. atroviride mutants produced high levels of extracellular cellulases as well as β-glucosidase, rendering the need for β-glucosidase supplementation in hydrolysis of cellulose or pretreated willow unnecessary. On the contrary, β-glucosidase supplementations were essential in order to obtain good glucose yields for all other cellulase preparations tested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-55
Number of pages8
JournalEnzyme and Microbial Technology
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 7 2008

Fingerprint

Salix
Glucosidases
Trichoderma
Cellulase
Fermentation
Cellulose
Hydrolysis
Amazona
Fermenters
Methylnitronitrosoguanidine
Cellulases
Ultraviolet Rays
Sugars
Ultraviolet radiation
Agar
Sequence Analysis
Glucose
Assays
Screening
Carbon

Keywords

  • β-Glucosidase production
  • Cellulase production
  • Enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose
  • Fermentation
  • Pretreated willow
  • Trichoderma atroviride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

Trichoderma atroviride mutants with enhanced production of cellulase and β-glucosidase on pretreated willow. / Kovács, Krisztina; Megyeri, László; Szakács, G.; Kubicek, Christian P.; Galbe, Mats; Zacchi, Guido.

In: Enzyme and Microbial Technology, Vol. 43, No. 1, 07.07.2008, p. 48-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kovács, Krisztina ; Megyeri, László ; Szakács, G. ; Kubicek, Christian P. ; Galbe, Mats ; Zacchi, Guido. / Trichoderma atroviride mutants with enhanced production of cellulase and β-glucosidase on pretreated willow. In: Enzyme and Microbial Technology. 2008 ; Vol. 43, No. 1. pp. 48-55.
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