Treatments of Lignocellulosic Hydrolysates and Continuous-Flow Hydrogenation of Xylose to Xylitol

Anikó Fehér, Csaba Fehér, Margaréta Rozbach, Gergely Rácz, Melinda Fekete, László Hegedűs, Zsolt Barta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Xylitol is produced by the heterogeneous catalytic hydrogenation of xylose over Raney nickel. The hydrogenation must typically be followed by several purification steps, which makes the chemical production relatively complex and expensive. In this study, activated carbon and bio-purification treatments of corn stover hydrolysates and subsequent nickel-catalyzed hydrogenation of xylose to xylitol were investigated. The activated carbon treatment was used to eliminate inhibitory compounds and increase the efficiency of the bio-purification step. It was found that the glucose could be completely eliminated from the hydrolysate. The hydrogenation reactions of corn stover hydrolysate demonstrated that a high reaction temperature resulted in high sugar alcohol yields and selectivity. At a given temperature, the flow rate had no significant effect on xylitol yield.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)496-503
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering and Technology
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Bio-purification
  • Biomass
  • H-Cube
  • Maize stover
  • Yeast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Treatments of Lignocellulosic Hydrolysates and Continuous-Flow Hydrogenation of Xylose to Xylitol'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this