Treatment of particulate metallurgical wastes in thermal plasmas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Steelmaking and plating industry generates large quantities of dusts and sludge. They are regarded as hazardous wastes because of the leaching out of their toxic components. Therefore, particular wastes are stockpiled at high cost. Our work aimed at RF thermal plasma processing of a steelmaking flue dust and sludge from the hot plating of steel products. Waste samples were treated in reducing atmosphere, respectively, to produce fine metallic powders and in neutral/oxidizing atmosphere to synthesize zinc ferrite nanopowders. Starting powders and products were characterized by their chemical (ICP-AES) and phase (X-ray diffraction, XRD) composition, particle size and morphology (scanning electron microscopy, SEM). It was found that iron and zinc content of the particular wastes can be reduced to metals in the presence of hydrogen. In neutral/oxidizing conditions spinel ferrites of variable composition were formed even during the very short residence time in the reactor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-229
Number of pages5
JournalChemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2005

Fingerprint

Plasma Gases
Steelmaking
Plasmas
Plating
Powders
Dust
Zinc
Hazardous Waste
Plasma applications
Poisons
Ferrites
Steel
Chemical analysis
Leaching
Ferrite
Hydrogen
Iron
Metals
Particle size
X ray diffraction

Keywords

  • Ferrites
  • Metallurgical wastes
  • Reduction
  • Thermal plasmas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Steelmaking and plating industry generates large quantities of dusts and sludge. They are regarded as hazardous wastes because of the leaching out of their toxic components. Therefore, particular wastes are stockpiled at high cost. Our work aimed at RF thermal plasma processing of a steelmaking flue dust and sludge from the hot plating of steel products. Waste samples were treated in reducing atmosphere, respectively, to produce fine metallic powders and in neutral/oxidizing atmosphere to synthesize zinc ferrite nanopowders. Starting powders and products were characterized by their chemical (ICP-AES) and phase (X-ray diffraction, XRD) composition, particle size and morphology (scanning electron microscopy, SEM). It was found that iron and zinc content of the particular wastes can be reduced to metals in the presence of hydrogen. In neutral/oxidizing conditions spinel ferrites of variable composition were formed even during the very short residence time in the reactor.",
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AB - Steelmaking and plating industry generates large quantities of dusts and sludge. They are regarded as hazardous wastes because of the leaching out of their toxic components. Therefore, particular wastes are stockpiled at high cost. Our work aimed at RF thermal plasma processing of a steelmaking flue dust and sludge from the hot plating of steel products. Waste samples were treated in reducing atmosphere, respectively, to produce fine metallic powders and in neutral/oxidizing atmosphere to synthesize zinc ferrite nanopowders. Starting powders and products were characterized by their chemical (ICP-AES) and phase (X-ray diffraction, XRD) composition, particle size and morphology (scanning electron microscopy, SEM). It was found that iron and zinc content of the particular wastes can be reduced to metals in the presence of hydrogen. In neutral/oxidizing conditions spinel ferrites of variable composition were formed even during the very short residence time in the reactor.

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