Translational inhibitors cycloheximide, emetine, and puromycin inhibit cellular autophagy in mouse liver parenchymal and pancreatic acinar cells in vivo.

O. Oliva, L. László, Z. Pálfia, G. Réz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide is widely used (in vitro or in vivo) to inhibit the autophagic degradation of endogenous cellular proteins. Circumstantial evidence has been obtained largely from in vitro experiments for a similar effect of other translational inhibitors. In the present study, the in vivo effects of cycloheximide, emetine and puromycin on autophagy in murine exocrine pancreatic and liver cells were tested using electron microscopic morphometry. The experiments were based on the assumption that the autophagic compartment will regress if the formation of the vacuoles is blocked while degradation in the pre-existing vacuoles goes on. To make the measurements easier, autophagic compartment of the cells was greatly enlarged in both cell types by administering vinblastine (10 mg/kg b. wt.) for 2 h when the inhibitors were set on for an additional 30 min. During this half-an-hour, cycloheximide (0.2 mg/g b. wt.), emetine (0.12 mg/g b. wt.) and puromycin (0.2 mg/g b. wt.), respectively caused 58.5, 35.6, and 69.5% regression of the pancreatic and 46.7, 64.2, and 54.2% of the hepatocytic autophagic vacuole compartment. Thus, similarly to cycloheximide, both emetine and puromycin have proved to be inhibitors of autophagy in vivo. The results argue for a possible relationship between the synthesis and degradation of endogenous cellular proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-85
Number of pages7
JournalActa morphologica Hungarica
Volume39
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy

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