Transformation of five grape rootstocks with plant virus genes and a virE2 gene from Agrobacterium tumefaciens

B. Xue, K. S. Ling, C. L. Reid, S. Krastanova, M. Sekiya, E. A. Momol, S. Süle, J. Mozsar, D. Gonsalves, T. J. Burr

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Abstract

To facilitate the development of transgenic grapevines that are resistant to grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV), grapevine leafroll-associated closterovirus (GLRaV-3) and crown gall diseases, we developed a rapid system for regenerating rootstocks: Couderc 3309, Vitis riparia 'Gloire de Montpellier', Teleki 5C, Millardet et De Grasset 101-14, and 110 Richter via somatic embryogenesis. Embryo culture and grape regeneration were accomplished with four media. Embryogenic calluses from anthers were induced in the initiation medium [MS basic medium containing 20 g sucrose per L, 1.1 mg 2.4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) per L, 0.2 mg N6-benzyladenine (BA) per L, and 0.8% Noble agar]. The percentage of anthers that developed into embryogenic calli ranged from 2 to 16.3% depending on the rootstock. Calluses with early globular stage embryos were cocultivated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain C58Z707 containing the gene constructs of interest. The genes were sense-oriented translatable and antisense coat protein genes from GFLV and GLRaV-3. a truncated HSP90-related gene of GLRaV-3 (43K), and a virE2 del B gene from A. tumefaciens strain C58. Twenty independent transformation experiments were performed on five rootstocks. After 3-4 mo. under kanamycin selection, secondary embryos were recovered on differentiation medium (1/2 MS salts with 10 g sucrose per L, 4.6 g glycerol per L, and 0.8% Noble agar). Embryos that were transformed were regenerated on a medium containing MS salts with 20 g sucrose per L, 4.6 g glycerol per L, 1 g casein hydrolysate per L, and 0.8% Noble agar. Elongated embryos were then transferred to a rooting medium supplemented with 0.1 mg BA per L, 3 g activated charcoal per L, 1.5% sucrose, and 0.65% Bacto agar. A total of 928 independent putative transgenic plants were propagated in the greenhouse. All plants were tested for neomycin phosphotransferase II expression by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The presence of transgenes was assessed by polymerase chain reaction and Southern analysis. ELISA revealed various levels of expression of GFLV coat protein in transgenic plants of Couderc 3309. The transgenic rootstocks that have been generated are being screened to determine whether transgenes have conferred resistance to the virus and crown gall diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-231
Number of pages6
JournalIn Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Plant
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999

Keywords

  • Crown gall
  • Grapevine fanleaf nepovirus
  • Grapevine leafroll-associated closterovirus-3
  • Somatic embryogenesis
  • Transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Plant Science

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    Xue, B., Ling, K. S., Reid, C. L., Krastanova, S., Sekiya, M., Momol, E. A., Süle, S., Mozsar, J., Gonsalves, D., & Burr, T. J. (1999). Transformation of five grape rootstocks with plant virus genes and a virE2 gene from Agrobacterium tumefaciens. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Plant, 35(3), 226-231. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11627-999-0083-0