Transferable net atomic charges from a distributed multipole analysis for the description of electrostatic properties. A case study of saturated hydrocarbons

Christophe Chipot, János G. Ángyán, G. Ferenczy, Harold A. Scheraga

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68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Point charges derived from electrostatic potentials and from distributed multipole expansions are compared critically throughout a full ab initio self-consistent-field study of several saturated hydrocarbons, using the split-valence type 6-31G, 6-31G*, and 6-31G** basis sets. Potential-derived net atomic charges failed to be transferable from one molecule to another structurally similar one, especially for aliphatic groups, hence constituting a major drawback for their use in force-field parametrization. Consideration of a limited number of extra-atomic charges is necessary to reach transferability and mimic the effects of higher order moments of the electron charge distribution. However, it has been shown that another method, recently proposed and based on the distributed multipole expansion of the molecular electrostatic potential, provides a reasonable compromise for both chemical transferability and accuracy to reproduce the electrostatic potential. Nevertheless, charges obtained from both methods have a tendency to reproduce the SCF potential with conspicuous errors, therefore indicating that the molecular charge distribution of nonpolar systems cannot be represented accurately by only atom-centered point charge models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6628-6636
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry
Volume97
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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Hydrocarbons
alkanes
multipoles
Electrostatics
Charge distribution
electrostatics
charge distribution
self consistent fields
expansion
Atoms
Molecules
Electrons
field theory (physics)
tendencies
valence
moments
atoms
molecules
electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Transferable net atomic charges from a distributed multipole analysis for the description of electrostatic properties. A case study of saturated hydrocarbons. / Chipot, Christophe; Ángyán, János G.; Ferenczy, G.; Scheraga, Harold A.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 97, No. 25, 1993, p. 6628-6636.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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