Transcriptome of silicon-induced resistance against Ralstonia solanacearum in the silicon non-accumulator tomato implicates priming effect

Hassan Ghareeb, Zoltán Bozsó, Peter G. Ott, Cornelia Repenning, Frank Stahl, Kerstin Wydra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Silicon induced resistance (SiIR) in tomato against bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum. The mechanism of SiIR is ambiguous. Therefore we tracked the expression of twelve defense marker genes over time using qRT-PCR. Besides up-regulated expression of the jasmonic acid/ethylene marker genes JERF3, TSRF1and ACCO during SiIR, the expression of the oxidative stress markers FD-I and POD and the basal defense marker AGP-1g were also up-regulated. The expression of defense marker genes was generally induced upon challenging the silicon-treated plants with R. solanacearum and reached its highest levels at 72 h post inoculation. A global transcriptome profiling was performed to uncover further changes at this time point using the TOM2 microarray. Significant regulation of additional 16 genes was revealed after silicon treatment in plants challenged with R. solanacearum. Twelve genes, involved in defense, signal transduction, response to stresses, transcription, ubiquitinylation and metabolism, were up-regulated. A JAZ1-similar gene showed the highest level of up-regulation indicating prior induction and fine tuning of jasmonic acid signaling. Thus, we conclude that silicon primed plants, thereby alleviating biotic stress imposed by the pathogen. The primed state could be mediated via ethylene, jasmonic acid and/or reactive oxygen species signaling pathways. We also suggest that the protective role of silicon can not only be explained with its mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalPhysiological and Molecular Plant Pathology
Volume75
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011

Keywords

  • Ethylene
  • Gene expression
  • Induced resistance
  • Jasmonic acid
  • Priming
  • Ralstonia solanacearum
  • Silicon
  • Solanum lycopersicum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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