Transcranialis mágneses ingerlés

fiziológia es alkalmazások.

Translated title of the contribution: Transcranial magnetic stimulation: physiology and applications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a relatively new technique that allows painless activation of cortical motor neurons. In the clinical setting, TMS is primarily used for the investigation of the corticospinal tract in various neurological diseases, being especially useful in the detection of subclinical dysfunction. In addition to the motor cortex, TMS can be applied to examine other structures inaccessible to electrical stimulation, such as the canalicular portion of the facial nerve. In healthy individuals, TMS can be utilized to monitor excitability changes of the motor system in various situations and muscles, providing valuable information to the understanding of the physiology of motor control. Furthermore, TMS can be used to explore interhemispheric connections as well as intracortical inhibitory and excitatory processes both in health and disease. Finally, with the help of TMS cortical maps of the representation areas of muscles can be constructed, giving insight to both short and long-term cortical plasticity and to the reorganisation of the motor cortex following damage to the brain or acquisition of new motor skills.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)417-424
Number of pages8
JournalIdeggyógyászati szemle
Volume58
Issue number11-12
Publication statusPublished - Nov 20 2005

Fingerprint

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Motor Cortex
Muscles
Pyramidal Tracts
Motor Skills
Facial Nerve
Motor Neurons
Electric Stimulation
Health
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Transcranialis mágneses ingerlés : fiziológia es alkalmazások. / Arányi, Z.

In: Ideggyógyászati szemle, Vol. 58, No. 11-12, 20.11.2005, p. 417-424.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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