Tracking of nutrient intakes in adolescence

The experiences of the Young Hearts Project, Northern Ireland

P. J. Robson, A. M. Gallagher, B. Livingstone, G. W. Cran, J. J. Strain, J. M. Savage, C. A G Boreham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluated the tracking of energy and nutrient intakes, assessed by diet history, in a random sample of adolescents (boys n 225, girls n 230) at baseline (age 12 years), and subsequently at age 15 years. Median energy (MJ/d) and macronutrient (g/d) intakes increased significantly (all P < 0.001) with increasing age in the boys. The girls' reported energy intake (MJ/d) remained stable over time, despite significant increases in BMI, weight and % body fat. Age-related changes in the girls' macronutrient intakes were inconsistent. When expressed in terms of nutrient density, the diets of both sexes became significantly richer, over time, in total folate (both sexes, P < 0.01), but poorer in Ca (boys P < 0.01, girls P < 0.001) and riboflavin (both sexes P < 0.001). Vitamin B6 (P < 0.001) and Fe (P < 0.05) densities increased in the boys, while the thiamin density of the girls' diets decreased (P < 0.001). Tracking, defined as maintenance of rank over time, was summarised using weighted kappa statistics (κ). There were some significant changes in intakes at the group level; however, tracking of energy and nutrients in both sexes was only poor to fair (κ < 0.40), indicating substantial drift of individuals between classes of intake over time. Particularly poor tracking was evident for % energy from sugars (κ 0.09) and total fat (κ 0.09) in the girls' diets. In conclusion, the poor to fair tracking observed in this cohort suggests that individual dietary patterns exhibited at 12 years of age are unlikely to be predictive of energy and nutrient intake at age 15 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-548
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume84
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Northern Ireland
Food
Energy Intake
Diet
Vitamin B 6
Riboflavin
Thiamine
Folic Acid
Adipose Tissue
Fats
Maintenance
Weights and Measures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Robson, P. J., Gallagher, A. M., Livingstone, B., Cran, G. W., Strain, J. J., Savage, J. M., & Boreham, C. A. G. (2000). Tracking of nutrient intakes in adolescence: The experiences of the Young Hearts Project, Northern Ireland. British Journal of Nutrition, 84(4), 541-548.

Tracking of nutrient intakes in adolescence : The experiences of the Young Hearts Project, Northern Ireland. / Robson, P. J.; Gallagher, A. M.; Livingstone, B.; Cran, G. W.; Strain, J. J.; Savage, J. M.; Boreham, C. A G.

In: British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 84, No. 4, 2000, p. 541-548.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Robson, PJ, Gallagher, AM, Livingstone, B, Cran, GW, Strain, JJ, Savage, JM & Boreham, CAG 2000, 'Tracking of nutrient intakes in adolescence: The experiences of the Young Hearts Project, Northern Ireland', British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 541-548.
Robson, P. J. ; Gallagher, A. M. ; Livingstone, B. ; Cran, G. W. ; Strain, J. J. ; Savage, J. M. ; Boreham, C. A G. / Tracking of nutrient intakes in adolescence : The experiences of the Young Hearts Project, Northern Ireland. In: British Journal of Nutrition. 2000 ; Vol. 84, No. 4. pp. 541-548.
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