Tracing the metal pollution history of the tisza river through the analysis of a sediment depth profile

H. L. Nguyen, M. Braun, I. Szalóki, W. Baeyens, R. Van Grieken, M. Leermakers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The vertical profiles of 20 major and trace metals were investigated along a 180-cm-long sediment core, which was sampled at Kiss-Janosne-Holt Tisza, an oxbow lake located in the upper part of the Tisza River in Hungary. The vertical profiles showed sharp peaks at different depths, reflecting historical pollution events and unusual changes of river water characteristics. Five different groups of metals, containing metals which were strongly correlated and showing a similar behaviour, could be distinguished by factor analysis. Six areas, with variable degrees and types of contamination, were classified in the sediment core with cluster analysis. The most polluted sections were found in the upper 50-cm part (significantly contaminated by Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd and Hg) and the deeper 100-120-cm part (characterised by high concentrations of metals associated with mining activities, such as Fe and Mn, as well as Cu, Zn and Pb). In recent years, important pollution events, such as the one which took place in March of 2000, were the reason for pollution of the upper sediment layers, whereas mining activities during the last century were responsible for the pollution of the deeper core sections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-132
Number of pages14
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution
Volume200
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009

Fingerprint

Sediments
Pollution
Rivers
Metals
pollution
metal
history
river
vertical profile
sediment
sediment core
oxbow lake
Cluster analysis
Factor analysis
factor analysis
trace metal
Lakes
river water
cluster analysis
Contamination

Keywords

  • Heavy metals
  • Pollution
  • Sediment core
  • Tisza River

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ecological Modelling
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Tracing the metal pollution history of the tisza river through the analysis of a sediment depth profile. / Nguyen, H. L.; Braun, M.; Szalóki, I.; Baeyens, W.; Van Grieken, R.; Leermakers, M.

In: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Vol. 200, No. 1-4, 06.2009, p. 119-132.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nguyen, H. L. ; Braun, M. ; Szalóki, I. ; Baeyens, W. ; Van Grieken, R. ; Leermakers, M. / Tracing the metal pollution history of the tisza river through the analysis of a sediment depth profile. In: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 2009 ; Vol. 200, No. 1-4. pp. 119-132.
@article{09d33b7a59d74d1a9d804f5815aa8568,
title = "Tracing the metal pollution history of the tisza river through the analysis of a sediment depth profile",
abstract = "The vertical profiles of 20 major and trace metals were investigated along a 180-cm-long sediment core, which was sampled at Kiss-Janosne-Holt Tisza, an oxbow lake located in the upper part of the Tisza River in Hungary. The vertical profiles showed sharp peaks at different depths, reflecting historical pollution events and unusual changes of river water characteristics. Five different groups of metals, containing metals which were strongly correlated and showing a similar behaviour, could be distinguished by factor analysis. Six areas, with variable degrees and types of contamination, were classified in the sediment core with cluster analysis. The most polluted sections were found in the upper 50-cm part (significantly contaminated by Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd and Hg) and the deeper 100-120-cm part (characterised by high concentrations of metals associated with mining activities, such as Fe and Mn, as well as Cu, Zn and Pb). In recent years, important pollution events, such as the one which took place in March of 2000, were the reason for pollution of the upper sediment layers, whereas mining activities during the last century were responsible for the pollution of the deeper core sections.",
keywords = "Heavy metals, Pollution, Sediment core, Tisza River",
author = "Nguyen, {H. L.} and M. Braun and I. Szal{\'o}ki and W. Baeyens and {Van Grieken}, R. and M. Leermakers",
year = "2009",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s11270-008-9898-2",
language = "English",
volume = "200",
pages = "119--132",
journal = "Water, Air, and Soil Pollution",
issn = "0049-6979",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tracing the metal pollution history of the tisza river through the analysis of a sediment depth profile

AU - Nguyen, H. L.

AU - Braun, M.

AU - Szalóki, I.

AU - Baeyens, W.

AU - Van Grieken, R.

AU - Leermakers, M.

PY - 2009/6

Y1 - 2009/6

N2 - The vertical profiles of 20 major and trace metals were investigated along a 180-cm-long sediment core, which was sampled at Kiss-Janosne-Holt Tisza, an oxbow lake located in the upper part of the Tisza River in Hungary. The vertical profiles showed sharp peaks at different depths, reflecting historical pollution events and unusual changes of river water characteristics. Five different groups of metals, containing metals which were strongly correlated and showing a similar behaviour, could be distinguished by factor analysis. Six areas, with variable degrees and types of contamination, were classified in the sediment core with cluster analysis. The most polluted sections were found in the upper 50-cm part (significantly contaminated by Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd and Hg) and the deeper 100-120-cm part (characterised by high concentrations of metals associated with mining activities, such as Fe and Mn, as well as Cu, Zn and Pb). In recent years, important pollution events, such as the one which took place in March of 2000, were the reason for pollution of the upper sediment layers, whereas mining activities during the last century were responsible for the pollution of the deeper core sections.

AB - The vertical profiles of 20 major and trace metals were investigated along a 180-cm-long sediment core, which was sampled at Kiss-Janosne-Holt Tisza, an oxbow lake located in the upper part of the Tisza River in Hungary. The vertical profiles showed sharp peaks at different depths, reflecting historical pollution events and unusual changes of river water characteristics. Five different groups of metals, containing metals which were strongly correlated and showing a similar behaviour, could be distinguished by factor analysis. Six areas, with variable degrees and types of contamination, were classified in the sediment core with cluster analysis. The most polluted sections were found in the upper 50-cm part (significantly contaminated by Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd and Hg) and the deeper 100-120-cm part (characterised by high concentrations of metals associated with mining activities, such as Fe and Mn, as well as Cu, Zn and Pb). In recent years, important pollution events, such as the one which took place in March of 2000, were the reason for pollution of the upper sediment layers, whereas mining activities during the last century were responsible for the pollution of the deeper core sections.

KW - Heavy metals

KW - Pollution

KW - Sediment core

KW - Tisza River

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67349165137&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=67349165137&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11270-008-9898-2

DO - 10.1007/s11270-008-9898-2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:67349165137

VL - 200

SP - 119

EP - 132

JO - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

JF - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

SN - 0049-6979

IS - 1-4

ER -