Trace element concentrations in soils along urbanization gradients in the city of Wien, Austria

Edina Simon, Andreas Vidic, M. Braun, I. Fábián, B. Tóthmérész

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Urban soil is an important component of urban ecosystems. This study focuses on heavy metal contamination in soils of Wien (Austria) and results are compared to those for a few large European cities. We analysed the elemental contents of 96 samples of topsoil from urban, suburban and rural areas in Wien along a dynamic (floodplain forest) and a stable (oak-hornbeam forest) urbanization gradient. The following elements were quantified using ICP-OES technique: Al, As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Pb, P, S and Zn. For heavy metals PI (pollution index) values were used to assess the level of pollution. The PI values indicated high level of pollution by Pb in the suburban and rural area of stable gradient and in the urban area of dynamic gradient; moderate level of pollution was indicated for Cd in the urban area of stable gradient. The level of pollution was moderate for Co in the suburban and rural area of the stable gradient, and for Cu in suburban area of stable gradient, and urban area of dynamic gradient. The pollution level of Zn was moderate in all areas. Urban soils, especially in urban parks and green areas may have a direct influence on human health. Thus, the elemental analysis of soil samples is one of the best ways to study the effects of urbanization. Our results indicated that the heavy metal contamination was higher in Wien than in a few large European cities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)917-924
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Urbanization
Austria
Trace Elements
Trace elements
urbanization
Pollution
Soil
Heavy Metals
trace element
Soils
suburban area
pollution
urban area
Betulaceae
Heavy metals
soil
rural area
heavy metal
Contamination
Ecosystem

Keywords

  • Heavy metals
  • ICP-OES
  • Pollution index
  • Urbanization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pollution

Cite this

Trace element concentrations in soils along urbanization gradients in the city of Wien, Austria. / Simon, Edina; Vidic, Andreas; Braun, M.; Fábián, I.; Tóthmérész, B.

In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2013, p. 917-924.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e3111535b7774cb7be0b57072c3eab27,
title = "Trace element concentrations in soils along urbanization gradients in the city of Wien, Austria",
abstract = "Urban soil is an important component of urban ecosystems. This study focuses on heavy metal contamination in soils of Wien (Austria) and results are compared to those for a few large European cities. We analysed the elemental contents of 96 samples of topsoil from urban, suburban and rural areas in Wien along a dynamic (floodplain forest) and a stable (oak-hornbeam forest) urbanization gradient. The following elements were quantified using ICP-OES technique: Al, As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Pb, P, S and Zn. For heavy metals PI (pollution index) values were used to assess the level of pollution. The PI values indicated high level of pollution by Pb in the suburban and rural area of stable gradient and in the urban area of dynamic gradient; moderate level of pollution was indicated for Cd in the urban area of stable gradient. The level of pollution was moderate for Co in the suburban and rural area of the stable gradient, and for Cu in suburban area of stable gradient, and urban area of dynamic gradient. The pollution level of Zn was moderate in all areas. Urban soils, especially in urban parks and green areas may have a direct influence on human health. Thus, the elemental analysis of soil samples is one of the best ways to study the effects of urbanization. Our results indicated that the heavy metal contamination was higher in Wien than in a few large European cities.",
keywords = "Heavy metals, ICP-OES, Pollution index, Urbanization",
author = "Edina Simon and Andreas Vidic and M. Braun and I. F{\'a}bi{\'a}n and B. T{\'o}thm{\'e}r{\'e}sz",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1007/s11356-012-1091-x",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "917--924",
journal = "Environmental Science and Pollution Research",
issn = "0944-1344",
publisher = "Springer Science + Business Media",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trace element concentrations in soils along urbanization gradients in the city of Wien, Austria

AU - Simon, Edina

AU - Vidic, Andreas

AU - Braun, M.

AU - Fábián, I.

AU - Tóthmérész, B.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Urban soil is an important component of urban ecosystems. This study focuses on heavy metal contamination in soils of Wien (Austria) and results are compared to those for a few large European cities. We analysed the elemental contents of 96 samples of topsoil from urban, suburban and rural areas in Wien along a dynamic (floodplain forest) and a stable (oak-hornbeam forest) urbanization gradient. The following elements were quantified using ICP-OES technique: Al, As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Pb, P, S and Zn. For heavy metals PI (pollution index) values were used to assess the level of pollution. The PI values indicated high level of pollution by Pb in the suburban and rural area of stable gradient and in the urban area of dynamic gradient; moderate level of pollution was indicated for Cd in the urban area of stable gradient. The level of pollution was moderate for Co in the suburban and rural area of the stable gradient, and for Cu in suburban area of stable gradient, and urban area of dynamic gradient. The pollution level of Zn was moderate in all areas. Urban soils, especially in urban parks and green areas may have a direct influence on human health. Thus, the elemental analysis of soil samples is one of the best ways to study the effects of urbanization. Our results indicated that the heavy metal contamination was higher in Wien than in a few large European cities.

AB - Urban soil is an important component of urban ecosystems. This study focuses on heavy metal contamination in soils of Wien (Austria) and results are compared to those for a few large European cities. We analysed the elemental contents of 96 samples of topsoil from urban, suburban and rural areas in Wien along a dynamic (floodplain forest) and a stable (oak-hornbeam forest) urbanization gradient. The following elements were quantified using ICP-OES technique: Al, As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Pb, P, S and Zn. For heavy metals PI (pollution index) values were used to assess the level of pollution. The PI values indicated high level of pollution by Pb in the suburban and rural area of stable gradient and in the urban area of dynamic gradient; moderate level of pollution was indicated for Cd in the urban area of stable gradient. The level of pollution was moderate for Co in the suburban and rural area of the stable gradient, and for Cu in suburban area of stable gradient, and urban area of dynamic gradient. The pollution level of Zn was moderate in all areas. Urban soils, especially in urban parks and green areas may have a direct influence on human health. Thus, the elemental analysis of soil samples is one of the best ways to study the effects of urbanization. Our results indicated that the heavy metal contamination was higher in Wien than in a few large European cities.

KW - Heavy metals

KW - ICP-OES

KW - Pollution index

KW - Urbanization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84873097981&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84873097981&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11356-012-1091-x

DO - 10.1007/s11356-012-1091-x

M3 - Article

C2 - 22843352

AN - SCOPUS:84873097981

VL - 20

SP - 917

EP - 924

JO - Environmental Science and Pollution Research

JF - Environmental Science and Pollution Research

SN - 0944-1344

IS - 2

ER -