The effect of the insecticide, S‐Deltamethrine (DM, LC50 for mosquito larvae: 0.02 ppb), in the concentration range between 0.025 and 2500 ppb was examined in both embryogenesis and embryonic evolution of the electron transport system (ETS) of the bream, roach, barbel and pike. A 0.025 ppb concentration of DM caused 10‐25% death of the embryos in the first 2 days of incubation. Fifty per cent of the roach embryos died by the end of a 144 h incubation period when the concentration was 0.025 ppb. In 2.5 ppb, 50% of the embryos died after 120 h. In 25 ppb, 50% death was registered after 96 h, and in 250 and 2500 ppb, 50% death was detected after 48 h. Fifty per cent of the barbel embryos died after a 48 h long incubation time in 250 and 2500 ppb. The same mortality was detected for the embryos of pike in 2500 ppb after a longer (148 and 168 h) incubation time. Half of the bream embryos died after 24 and 48 h at a concentration of 2500 ppb. Larvae showed a more sensitive response to treatments than did embryos. After hatching, 30‐84% of the larvae died in 0.025 ppb. Compared to embryos, larvae moved less in a concentration of 0.025 ppb and could not swim as easily as controls. In a concentration >0.25‐2.5 ppb, larvae were passive and often malformed. S‐Deltamethrine inhibited ETS activity in a concentration‐dependent manner. Electron transport system activity of larvae was reduced by 50% in 250 ppb concentration.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Water Science and Technology