A new stratigraphic standard for the open lacustrine to deltaic Pannonian Stage is emerging from the combined sedimentological, lithostratigraphical, sequence stratigraphical, biostratigraphical, seismic stratigraphical, geochrono-logical, and magnetostratigraphical investigations of 6 long drill cores. These were drilled by Paks II Nuclear Power Plant Plc. as a preparatory step for the construction of a new power plant near the city of Paks, Central Pannonian Basin, between 2015 and 2016. The boreholes are in a distance of 8–12 km from each other, and five of them fully penetrated the local Pannonian sequence in a thickness of 390 to 662 m. Each core includes offshore clay marl deposited far from sediment entry points (Endrőd Fm), heterolithic, sandy siltstones of a <200 m high shelf-margin slope (Algyő Fm), and several stacked deltaic deposits from prodelta silts to sandy mouth bars, heterolithics, lignite and sandy channel-fills of the delta plain (Újfalu Fm). Magnetostratigraphic investigations from two cores and authigenic10Be/9Be dating from two others were combined by means of seismic correlation between the boreholes, and thus they provide a solid geo-chronological and chronostratigraphic basis for the interpretation of the sedimentological and palaeontological records of the cores. The continuous representation of the earliest Pannonian (11.6–9.1 Ma) in the cores needs further palaeontological investigation, as both magnetostratigraphy and authigenic10Be/9Be dating failed to give reliable age data from the basal, condensed calcareous marls. The 9.1 to 6.5 Ma interval, however, is represented in the cores by various lithologies and abundant and sometimes excellently preserved fossils. In the deltaic succession, 10 sedimentary sequences were correlated between the cores; as their duration is not more than 200 kyr each, they can be regarded as 4th-order sequences. The palaeontological record of the cores shows a very good agreement with the formerly established biochronostratigraphical system. The cores provide an insight into the evolution of the sedimentary environment and the biota of Lake Pannon between 9.1 and 6.5 Ma with a so far unprecedented temporal and spatial resolution.
|Number of pages||20|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geochemistry and Petrology