The first synthesis of two photoreactive analogues of the lipid mediator and second messenger sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), [32P]-labeled (2S,3R)-14-O-(4′-benzoylphenyl)- and (2S,3R)-14-O-((4′ -trifluoromethyldiazirinyl)phenyl)-(4E) -tetradecenyl-2-amino-3-hydroxy-1-phosphate, is described. The interactions of these probes with the S1P type-1 receptor (S1P1) transfected into membranes of rat hepatoma cells and with plasma proteins were analyzed. The S1P1 receptor interacted in a specific manner with the benzophenone-containing ligand (KD = 84 ± 10 nM vs KD for S1P = 36 ± 2 nM); in contrast, no saturable specific binding was found with the diazirine-containing ligand. However, the same pattern was found for labeling of plasma proteins by both probes, indicating that different parts of the S1P pharmacophore underlie the interaction of S1P with its receptor and plasma carrier proteins.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry