Total eclipse of the heart: The AM CVn Gaia14aae/ASSASN-14cn

H. C. Campbell, T. R. Marsh, M. Fraser, S. T. Hodgkin, E. de Miguel, B. T. Gänsicke, D. Steeghs, A. Hourihane, E. Breedt, S. P. Littlefair, S. E. Koposov, L. Wyrzykowski, G. Altavilla, N. Blagorodnova, G. Clementini, G. Damljanovic, A. Delgado, M. Dennefeld, A. J. Drake, J. Fernández-HernándezG. Gilmore, R. Gualandi, A. Hamanowicz, B. Handzlik, L. K. Hardy, D. L. Harrison, K. Ilkiewicz, P. G. Jonker, C. S. Kochanek, Z. Kolaczkowski, Z. Kostrzewa-Rutkowska, R. Kotak, G. van Leeuwen, G. Leto, P. Ochner, M. Pawlak, L. Palaversa, G. Rixon, K. Rybicki, B. J. Shappee, S. J. Smartt, M. A.P. Torres, L. Tomasella, M. Turatto, K. Ulaczyk, S. van Velzen, O. Vince, N. A. Walton, P. Wielgórski, T. Wevers, P. Whitelock, A. Yoldas, F. De Angeli, P. Burgess, G. Busso, R. Busuttil, T. Butterley, K. C. Chambers, C. Copperwheat, A. B. Danilet, V. S. Dhillon, D. W. Evans, L. Eyer, D. Froebrich, A. Gomboc, G. Holland, T. W.S. Holoien, J. F. Jarvis, N. Kaiser, D. A. Kann, D. Koester, U. Kolb, S. Komossa, E. A. Magnier, A. Mahabal, J. Polshaw, J. L. Prieto, T. Prusti, M. Riello, A. Scholz, G. Simonian, K. Z. Stanek, L. Szabados, C. Waters, R. W. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the discovery and characterization of a deeply eclipsingAMCVn-system, Gaia14aae (=ASSASN-14cn). Gaia14aae was identified independently by the All-Sky Automated Survey for Supernovae (ASAS-SN; Shappee et al.) and by the Gaia Science Alerts project, during two separate outbursts. A third outburst is seen in archival Pan-STARRS-1 (PS1; Schlafly et al.; Tonry et al.; Magnier et al.) and ASAS-SN data. Spectroscopy reveals a hot, hydrogen-deficient spectrum with clear double-peaked emission lines, consistent with an accreting double-degenerate classification. We use follow-up photometry to constrain the orbital parameters of the system. We find an orbital period of 49.71 min, which places Gaia14aae at the long period extremum of the outbursting AM CVn period distribution. Gaia14aae is dominated by the light from its accreting white dwarf (WD). Assuming an orbital inclination of 90° for the binary system, the contact phases of the WD lead to lower limits of 0.78 and 0.015 M on the masses of the accretor and donor, respectively, and a lower limit on the mass ratio of 0.019. Gaia14aae is only the third eclipsing AMCVn star known, and the first in which the WD is totally eclipsed. Using a helium WD model, we estimate the accretor's effective temperature to be 12 900 ± 200 K. The three outburst events occurred within four months of each other, while no other outburst activity is seen in the previous 8 yr of Catalina Real-time Transient Survey (CRTS; Drake et al.), Pan-STARRS-1 and ASAS-SN data. This suggests that these events might be rebrightenings of the first outburst rather than individual events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1060-1067
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume452
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 28 2015

Keywords

  • Binaries: eclipsing
  • Novae, cataclysmic variables

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Campbell, H. C., Marsh, T. R., Fraser, M., Hodgkin, S. T., de Miguel, E., Gänsicke, B. T., Steeghs, D., Hourihane, A., Breedt, E., Littlefair, S. P., Koposov, S. E., Wyrzykowski, L., Altavilla, G., Blagorodnova, N., Clementini, G., Damljanovic, G., Delgado, A., Dennefeld, M., Drake, A. J., ... Wilson, R. W. (2015). Total eclipse of the heart: The AM CVn Gaia14aae/ASSASN-14cn. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 452(1), 1060-1067. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv1224